100 terms

Computer Tech Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Active Document
Document Currently Being Created Or Edited.
Application Software
Computer software that allows user to create documents and process data into usable information.
Arrow Keys
Used To Move The Insertion Point On The Screen.
Bit
Smallest unit of data that can be used by a computer.
Bullet
Dot Or Symbol Marking A Line Of Information.
Business Document
Professional Documents used to communicate information within or between companies.
Case
The use of upper- or lowercase letters or combination.
Center Alignment
Material Aligned At The Center.
Character
A Letter, Space, Number Or Punctuation Mark, Symbol.
Command
The Input Of A Computer Operator Telling The Computer To Take Action.
Compatibility
The Ability To Work With Another Program Or Hardware Device.
Copy
To Duplicate A Selected Item In A Document.
CPU (Central Processing Unit)
Basic computer unit; interprets and executes program instructions and all application software.
Current Document
Document Currently Loaded Onto Computer Screen.
Cut
To Eliminate A Selected Item From A Document.
Default
Automatic Command Settings (Set By The User to User's Preference).
Dialog Box
Computer/Program's Way Of Communicating With Computer User.
Document Processing
The Preparation Of A Document.
E- Mail Program
Method Of Sending Information From One Computer To Another Across The Internet Or Intranet.
Elements
Icons, Button, And Other Items That Are Part Of An On-Screen Interface.
Ellipses . . .
Three periods together; will open a dialog box when clicked.
Ergonomics
The Working Relationship/ Capability Of People And Their Tools (Ie; People And Computers).
File Extension
Dot Followed By Three/Four Characters At The End Of A File Name To Indicate The File Type.
File Type
Format In Which A File Is Stored; The Program Used To Create The File (i.e. Microsoft Word, Power Point, Excel).
Flush/Alignment
The Left, Right, Or Center Placement Of Material Within A Document.
Font
Typestyle.
Font Size
The Size Of A Font, Measured In Points.
Formatting Tool Bar
Tool Bar With Common Formatting Commands, Text Commands And Options.
Graphics
Pictures, sounds, or videos that can be inserted into a document.
GUI
Graphical User Interface - icons, toolbars, buttons,, options, pull-down menus with mouse or pointing device or any other graphical element that a user can click or drag in order to create a document or execute a program.
Hard Copy
A Printed Version Of A Document.
Hard Page Break
Separates Pages In A Document (Designated Separations). Breaks Where Typist Wants A New Page To Begin.
Highlight
To Apply A Color To Call Attention To Text.
Horizontal Alignment
Position Of Text On A Line In Relation To The Left And Right Margins.
Hyperlink / Link
Text Or Graphic That Connects You To An Internet Location.
Hyphenation
Changes Ragged Right Paragraph Edge To A More Even Paragraph Edge.
Icon
AKA - Picture; Used As A Shortcut.
Input Device
Device(s) that allows the inputting of data into a computer - keyboard, microphone, scanner, bar code reader, etc.
Insertion Point
The Flashing Vertical Line That Indicates Where The Next Action Will Occur In An On-Screen Document.
Keyboard Shortcut
A Keyboard Stroke To Perform Computer Actions Quickly.
Landscape Orientation
Horizontal Display Of Document.
Left Alignment
Text Aligned At The Left Margin.
Line spacing
The Amount Of White Space Between Lines Of Text In A Paragraph.
Margins
Amount Of White Space Between The Text And Edge Of The Page On All Four Sides.
Maximize
To Enlarge A Window So That It Fills The Entire Screen.
Memory
Computer chips where processing, program instructions, and documents are stored.
Menu
A List Of Commands Or Choices,
Menu Bar Tool Bar
That Displays Program Options; Leads To Program Commands
Middle Point
The Center Of A Line Of Type.
Mini Toolbar
A Toolbar That Displays In The Document Area When You Select Text, Provides Quick Access To Common Text And Formatting Commands.
Minimize
To Hide A Window So That It Appears Only As A Button On The Taskbar.
Motherboard
Main circuit board of the computer, contains the CPU, memory, expansion slots, bus, video controllers. AKA - The system board.
Mouse
A Device That Allows You To Select And Point At Items On A Computer Screen.
Mouse Pointer
A Marker On The Screen That Moves In Response To A Mouse Or Touchpad And Tells Where The Next Action Will Occur. This Often Changes Shape Depend On The Action.
Nonprinting Characters
Characters Such As A Tab, Space, Or Enter Mark That Appear On A Document Screen, But Do Not Print To A Hard Copy Of A Document.
Office Assistant
Help key; F1 for help with questions regarding application software.
Operating Systems Software
Master control program that allows computer to work - manages hardware devices, disk file systems, and makes application software run.
Output Device
Device that allows the viewing, printing, or hearing of data - monitor, speaker, printer.
Page Set Up
Controls The Appearance Of The Document - Margins, Orientation, Page Size; Vertical Alignment, Etc.; Quick Command - D/C On Margin Area Of Ruler Bar.
Paragraph Spacing/AKA Line Spacing
The Amount Of White Space Between Paragraphs.

Paragraph Mark - Nonprinting Character That Shows Where An Enter Key Has Been Pressed.
Paste
To Insert Material From The Clipboard Into A Document.
Peripheral
A device or unit that is separate the CPU, but must be connected to it to it to be used such as a monitor, keyboard, modem, printer, microphone, etc.
Personal Business Document
Used To Communicate Information Between An Individual And A Business.
Pointer Device
Device That Allows Control Of The Movement Of The Screen Pointer. (Mouse is most common).
Portrait Orientation
Tall Page Format; Short Side Up.
Processing
Procedure to convert raw data into useful information.
Proofreaders' Marks
Symbols That Indicate Where Revisions Are Required.
Qwerty
Standard keyboard arrangement. QWERTY are the first six letters on the top left side of a keyboard.
RAM
Temporary memory that holds data and programs while they are being used.
Read-Only
A Filed Opened, But Cannot Be Edited Or Revised --Must Be Saved As Another Name In Order To Make Revisions.
Red Underlining
Spelling Error.
Restore
To Return A Minimized Window To Its Previous Size And Position On The Window Screen.
Ribbon
A Screen Element That Displays Buttons For Accessing Office Features And Commands.

Tabs At The Top Of Each Ribbon Indicates Category Of Ribbon
Right Alignment
Text Aligned At The Right Margin.
Ruler Bars
On screen rulers that display position of lines, tab stops, margins and other parts of a document. (Access by View tab or icon).
Save
To Store Any Changes Made To Existing File.
Save As
To Store A File With A Name.
Script
Font That Looks Like Handwriting.
Shrink To Fit
Makes Document Smaller To Fit On A Page(s).
Soft Page Break
Document Wraps To Next Page (Page Wrap).
Software
Programs That Provide The Instructions For A Computer Or Other Hardware Device.

Software Suite - Integrated Software - Common Features Making It Easy To Share Data Or Operate Software.
Start Button
Key That Launches All Computer Programs And Computer's Capabilities.
Status Bar
On Screen bar that displays status of document parts or application such as page number, line number, words in document, ruler location, etc.
Submenu
A Menu That Is Displayed When You Select A Command On Another Menu.
Symbol
A Shape That Can Be Placed In A Document.
Tab
A Measurement Of Space The Insertion Point Advances When You Press The Tab Key.
Tab Stop
Where A Tab Advances To And Stops.
Task Bar
Bar Along The Windows Display That Shows Open Programs Or Documents, The Start Button, And Other Information.
Text Box
A Box In Which Text Or Graphics Can Be Inserted And Placed In A Document.
Title/Program Bar
Bar That Gives The Name Of A Document And The Program Being Used To Create Or Edit It.
Tool Bar
Row Of Buttons Used To Select Features And Commands.
User Name
Identifies The User To A System.
Vertical Alignment
The Position Of Text In Relation To The Top And Bottom Margins.
Web Browser
Software For Locating And Viewing Information On The Internet (Explorer, Netscape Navigator).
Window
On-Screen Area Where A Program Or Document Is Displayed.
Word Wrap
Automatic Line Return (Aka Soft Return).
Desktop
Display area of monitor.
ROM
Read only memory that stores programs and instructions and the computer start.
My Computer
A program that allows you to see what files and folders are located on your computer.
Deselect
To click outside a selected item, such as an icon, so that it is no longer selected.