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Death Investigations

What are the four types of death?

1. Natural
2. Accidental
3. Suicide.
4. Homicide

First degree murder

Intentionally planned murder

Second degree murder

Includes the intent to cause death, but not premeditated

Third degree murder

Includes neither intent nor premeditation

Manslaughter (voluntary)

Intentionally causing the death of another person in the heat of passion, caused by words or acts that provide adequate provocation.

Manslaughter (involuntary)

Accidental homicide that results from extreme (culpable) negligence.

Excusable and Justifiable

Noncriminal homicide is divided into ___ and ___ homicide

Excusable homicide

Results from an act that normally would not caused death or from an act committed with ordinary caution that, because of the victim's negligence, results in death.

Justifiable homicide

Killing in self-defense or in the defense of another person if the victim's actions and capability present imminent danger of serious injury or death.

Malicious intent

An element of first and second degree murder--implies ill will, wickedness, or cruelty.

Equivocal Death

A death that may have two or more meanings, and the case may be presented as either a homicide or suicide depending on the circumstances.

Defense Wounds

Cuts on the hands, arms, and legs--result from when the victim attempts to ward off the attacker.

Hesitation Wounds

Less severe cutting marks that are caused by attempts to build up courage to make a fatal wound.

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