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Chapter 17: Fish, Amphibians, and Reptiles

BJU Life Science
STUDY
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the endoskeletons of all vertebrate animals have two parts:
a skull and a vertebral column
the walls of a vertebrate heart chamber are made of:
muscle
the central nervous system is made up of:
the brain and spinal cord
the structure that manufactures urine by filtering the blood:
kidney
a fish moves by:
flexing its entire body
lampreys and hagfish differ from other fish because they:
have no jaws
what organ do young amphibians have that the adults usually do not have?
gills
a frog's tongue is:
sticky, attached at the front of its mouth, and is used to catch food.
amphibian skin may:
secrete distasteful substances, be used in respiration, and be smooth and moist
the sense which snakes have:
sight and smell. However, they do not have ears so they can't hear.
cartilage
similar to but more flexible than bone
deoxygenated
describes blood that has a high carbon dioxide content
diaphragm
a muscle important to breathing. it is a thin layer of muscle which separates the chest chamber from the abdomen
spinal nerve
a nerve that branches off the spinal cord
small intestine
when food has been completely digested, it is absorbed through the walls of
liver
produces a greenish fluid called BILE which is necessary to break down fats.
the Komodo dragon is a very large:
lizard
it lays its eggs in long strings in the water:
toad
a fish that has no jaws:
lamprey and hagfish
a shark:
is a cartilage fish which has an endoskeleton made of cartilage and breathes under water with gills
tuatara
one- of-a kind reptile found only in New Zealand
terrapin
a freshwater turtle that may come onto land
pit viper
a kind of snake with heat detectors
how many sets of teeth does a frog have?
two
how many heart chambers does a shark have?
two
which of these four animals has no teeth? Shark, frog, snake, turtle?
turtle
which animal has undergone metamorphosis? Shark, frog, snake, or turtle?
frog
which animal has heat sensing pits? Shark, frog, snake, or turtle?
snake
which animal molts its scales regularly? Shark, frog, snake, or turtle?
snake
in a fishes gills:
deoxygenated blood collects oxygen from the water and becomes oxygenated
all lungs:
have many capillaries in which deoxygenated blood becomes oxygenated
the eye:
is a sensory organ made up of many sensory receptors
the tail of a tadpole:
is gradually broken down and used as nourishment which it develops into a frog. It doesn't just fall off.
what do all snakes eat?
meat
double hinged jaws
this allows snakes to open their mouths much wider than seems possible
of which species are more found in the United States? Crocodiles or alligators?
alligators
are turtles born with gills?
no. A turtle is a reptile and looks like a tiny adult turtle when it hatches from the egg.
biomimicry
a term which describes man's study of living things to discover better solutions for human problems.
estivation
the state of inactivity that amphibians may enter during hot, dry weather.