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chapter 11 terms and names

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Boers
a Dutch colonist in S. Africa
racism
the belief that one race is superior to others
Berlin Conference 1884
1884 european reps. agreed on colonization of Africa
Social Darwinism
justification for racism and imperialist expansion
paternalism
policy of treating people like children, providing for needs but not giving rights.
assimilation
policy where a nation forces or encourages subjects to adopt their culture
Menelik II
1889-1913 emporer of ethiopia
Ottoman Empire
a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe
Crimean War
1853-1856 Ottoman empire with Britain and France stops Russian expantion into the black sea
Muhammad Ali
1769-1849 ruler of Egypt
Suez Canal
1869 connects Mediterranean Sea with Red Sea
imperialism
political economic or social domination of one nation by another
Shaka
1787 - 1828 king
Boer war
1899-1902 British vs Dutch in S. Africa
geopolitics
foreign policy based on geography
jewel in the crown
India, most important British colony for raw materials and markets
Pacific rim
land surrounding Pacific ocean, esp. Asia
King Mongkut
1804 - 1868 king Thailand
annexation
adding a region to an existing political unit
Emilio Aguinaldo
1869-1964 first Filipino president
Sepoy Mutiny
1857 Hindu and Muslum revolt against British in India
Persia
old name for Iran
Queen Liliuokalani
1838 - 1917 queen of Hawaii
Raj
British rule in India