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275 terms

Medical Terminology - Final Exam Review

BHC 230 Spring 2012
STUDY
PLAY
NIDDM
non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; type 2; late onset
IDDM
insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; type 1; early onset
PEARL
pupils equal and reactive to light
ELISA
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
HISTO
pertaining to tissues (histology)
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde choleangiopancreatography
ESRD
end-stage renal disease
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
HSV-2
herpes simplex virus, strain 2
ADHD
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
ECHO
echocardiogram; test looking at structure and function of the heart.
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
C-SECTION
cesarean section
NG TUBE
nasogastric tube
CAT SCAN
Computerized Axial Tomography
PET SCAN
Positron Emission Tomography scan
MRI
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRA
Magnetic Resonance Angiography
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
BOM
bilateral otitis media (both ears; middle ear infection)
UTI
Urinary Tract Infection
URI
Upper Respitory Infection
CRF
chronic renal failure
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder
D&C
dilation & curettage
I&O
Intake and output
I&D
Incision and drainage
T&A
Tonsillectomy and adnoidectomy
L&D
Labor and Delivery
N&V
Nausea and Vomiting
HRT
Hormone replacement therapy
PID
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease; (Salpingitis)
TVH
Total Vaginal Hysterectomy
TAH
Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
PMS
Pre-Menstral Syndrome
CXR
Chest X-ray
FHR
Fetal Heart Rate
MMR
Measles Mumps and Rubella
DPT
Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetnis
RDS
Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ABGs
Arterial Blood Gases
GFR
Glomerular Filtration Rate
THR
Total hip replacement
TKR
Total knee replacement
CHD
Childhood diseases
EKG
Electrocardiogram; electoral activity of heart
EMG
Electromyogram/graphy; heart muscle
EEG
Electroencephalograph; measures electrical activity of brain
BUN
Blood Urea Nitrogen
CBC
Complete Blood Count
HCT
Hematocrit
PRN
as needed
HBV
Hepatitis B virus
HCV
Hepatitis C virus
TIA
transient ischemic attack (mini-stroke)
CVA
cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
BMR
basal metabolic rate
GTT
glucose tolerance test
gtt
drops
ung
ointment
REM
rapid eye movement
PSA
prostate specific antigen
Bid
twice a day
Tid
three times a day
Qid
four times a day
OTC
over the counter
NPO
nothing by mouth
DNR
do not recessitate
PPD
purified protein derivative
DIP
distal interphalangeal joint
TMJ
tempromandibular joint
LLE
left lower extremity
ARC
aids related complex
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
CNS
central nervous system (Brain and spinal cord)
PNS
peripheral nervous system
ANS
autonomic nervous system
SNS
somatic nervous system
ECT/EST/CST
electro-convulsive therapy; electro shock therapy ; convulsive shock therapy
STI/STD
sexually transmitted infection or diseases
SLE
systemic lupus erythmatosis
ROM
range of motion
HDL
high density lipoproteins
LDL
low density lipoproteins
FBS
fasting blood sugar
CCU
cardiac care unit
DOA
dead on arrival
GYN
gynecology
OB
obstetrics
IUD
intrauterine device
TPR
temperature pulse respiration
BP
blood pressure
AMI
acute myocardial infarction
DM
diabetes mellitus
PC
After Meals; post cibum
AC
Before meals; ante cibum
GI SERIES
Gastrointestinal series
GB
Gallbladder
BE
Barium enema
TB
Tuberculosis
TM
tympanic membrane
SA NODE
sino atrial node
MI
Myocardial Infarction
AP
Anterioposterior
PA
Posterioanterior OR Physician Assistant
MD
Medical Doctor OR Muscular Dystrophy
DO
Doctor of Osteopathy
MS
Multiple Sclerosis
AB
Abortion
Bx
Biopsy
Fx
Fracture
Dx
Diagnosis
SC
Sub-cutanious
IM
Intramuscular
ID
Intradermal
RA
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Pt
Physical Therapy
LP
Lumbar Puncture
CA
Cancer
Qd
Everyday
BM
Bowel Movement
VA
Veterans Affairs OR Visual Acuity
UA
Uranalysis
Prophylactic
What is the name of an agent that protects against disease?
Nocturea
Urination at night
Benign
Non cancerous; non progressive
Malignant
tending to become worse and can cause death
Diastole
the relaxation phase of the heart
Sistole
the contraction phase of the heart
Anemia
the condition in which there is a deficiency of O2 is being delivered to cells.
EKG
The graphic record of the electrical activity of the heart.
Hemophilia
Different heredity inadequacies of coagulation factors that result in long bleeding times
Leukemia
An excessive uncontrolled increase in immature white blood cells in the blood eventually leading to infection
Atelocephalis
having an incomplete cranium or skull
Thoracentesis
surgical puncture into the plural cavity
Blepharotosis
Drooping of the upper eyelid
Blepharospasm
Spasm of the eyelid
Tenitis
Ringing or tinkling sounds in ears
Autodynia
Ear ache
Parturition
The act of giving birth
Puralent
Producing or contains pus
Periosteum
the serous membrane that lines long bones
Laparoscopy
process of viewing abdominal wall with a laproscope
Hydrocele
collection of fluid in scrotal sac
Hypoxia
diffecency of oxygen
Splenomegaly
abnormal enlargement of the spleen
Edema
accumulation of fluid within interstitial spaces
Onchiomycosis
fungus in nail bed
Palpebra
eyelid
Enterostenosis
narrowing of the intestines
Chondromalasia
softening of articular cartilage in patella
Phleborexis
bursting of a vein
Bursolith
stones in bursa
Heliosis
condition related to sun; sunburn
Diaphoresis
excessive sweating
Liomyoma
benign smooth muscle tumor in uterus
Eukenesis
good and normal movement
Dyskenesis
impairment of normal movement
Astrocytoma
malignant tumor of neuroglial cells
Phagocytosis
the process of engulfing bacteria and foreign debris
Anomaly
Any deviation from the norm
Rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
Osteoclasis
surgical breaking of bone
Xeroderma
excessive dry skin
Bathypnea
deep breathing
Metachorous
change of color
Homeostasis
A relative constancy in the internal environment of the body
Paraplegia
paralysis of lower half of body
Anacusus
total deafness
Splanchnosclerosis
hardening of the viscera
Lalophobia
fear of public speaking
Nystagmus
involuntary rhythmic jerking movement of the eyes
Fistula
abnormal passageway between two tubular organs
Cryptorkidism
Failure of testicles to descend into the scrotom
Vasectomy
surgical cutting and tying Vas Deferins to prevent passage of sperm
Gasteresia
the stretching/dialation of stomach
Osteoclasis
the surgical fracture of bone to correct deformity
Alopecia
The name for partial or complete loss of hair
Hemopoesis
Process of blood formation
Subluxation
The incomplete dislocation of a joint
Down syndrome
The congenital condition also known as Trisomy 21
Eclampsia
most severe form of hypertension during pregnancy
Anorkidism
absence of one or both testicles
Ileum
Distal portion of the small intestine.
Lavage
The process of washing out of an organ
Anyuresm
local dilation of wall formed at a weak point in vessel wall
Heparin
Naturally occurring anti clotting factor
Sarcoma and carcinomas
two main categories of neoplasm
Flextion
bending motion
Pronation
the act of turning the palm down and backward
Muscles that have a striped appearance when viewed under a microscope are called _____.
Striated muscles
muscles found in the walls of hollow organs are called ____.
Smooth muscle
Joint that always moves in one direction
Hinge joint
Atrophy
wasting away or w.o development
Suture
immovable joint
Arthritis
inflammation of a joint
Bunion
abnormal enlargement at base of great toe
Hallux
great toe
Arthoplasty
surgical repair of a joint
Sprain
injury involving ligaments
Strain
injury to body of muscle
Fissure
crack-like groove or sore in skin
Macule
small flat discoloration of skin not raised or depressed
Pustule
small elevation of skin filled w/ pus
Wheal / Hives
circumscribe area slightly elevated lesion paler in center than around edges
Bulla
large blister
Abrasion
scraping or rubbing away of skin as result of friction
Blister or vescicle
small thin walled skin lesion containing clear fluid
salpingoscope
instrument used to examine nasopharynx and gustation tube.
Otoscopy
use of otoscope to view tympanic membrane
Rectoscope
instrument used to examine rectum ; cutting and cauterizing loop
Resectoscope
instrument used to surgically remove tissue from body
Laprpscopy
process of viewing abdominal cavity
Ophthalmoscopy
direct visualization of the structures of the eye at all depths
Colposcopy
direct visualization of the vagina and cervix
Arthroscopy
process of viewing interior of a joint w/ scope
Laryngoscopy
examination of interior or larynx using endoscope
Fleuroscopy
radiological technique to examine function of organ/body part
Fetoscope
use of special stethoscope to detect fetal heart beat
Metastasis
process by which malignancy cells spread to other parts of the body
Neoplasm
any abnormal growth of new tissue
Mutation
The term that refers to change or transformation
Deltoid
Muscle covers shoulder
Trapezius
Muscle that is triangular shaped
Gluteus medius
Muscle thats smaller muscle located in upper outer quadrant near gleutus maximus?
Buccinstor
Muscle located in fleshy part of cheek
Gastrocnemius
Main muscle of the calf
Humerous
Upper arm bone
Ethmoid
bat shaped bone @ base of skull
Occipital
bone forms back of head/base of skull
Ulna
this bone has a large projection at end called olecranon process
Phalanges
bones of the fingers
Tibia
Name of more slender of two lower leg bones
Suppression
voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings or experiences from ones mind
Displacement
process of transferring emotion from original idea or object to a new object/idea
Projection
transferring ones own unacceptable thoughts /feelings onto someone else
Regression
response o which a individual reverts to an earlier stage of development and comfort measures associated with that stage
Introjection
ego defense mechanism where someone unconsciously identifies with another person/object and assumes the feels of that other object/person
Physical therapy
term for branch of medicine that deals with physical therapy
Euphoria
term used to express a sense of well being or eulation
Cleptomania
someone that steals
IPPB
Intermittent Positive Pressure Breathing
HAV
Hepatitis A virus
T/F: The pulmonary arteries are the only arteries in the body that carry deoxygenated blood.
TRUE
Oxygenated blood is carried by ____.
pulmonary veins
T/F: myopia is a refractive error in which the lens of the eye cannot focus on an image accurately resulting in impaired distant vision also called nearsightedness.
TRUE
T/F: Psoriasis is a non infectious chronic disorder of skin, silvery white scales, intense itching
TRUE
T/F: Gangreen is tissue death due to loss of adequate blood supple; produces foul odor
TRUE
T/F: entrodious is the removal of certain elements from blood lymph by passing them through a semi-permiable membrane.
FALSE
T/F: Sleep apena isa sudden attack of sleep.
FALSE - narcalepsy
T/F: Choleithiasis is an abnormal presence of gallstones in GB.
True
T/F: electromyogram is a record of electrical activity of heart
FALSE
T/F: Colostomy is the surgical creation of a new opening between the stomach and the surface of the body
FALSE
T/F: the transverse plane divides the body into equal right and left sides
FALSE
T/F: Cancer is a malignant neoplasm
TRUE
T/F: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma are the most common forms of skin cancer.
True
T/F: A sinus is a hollow space or an opening in a bone.
TRUE
T/F: The cerebrum is the largest and uppermost part of the brain.
TRUE
A CVA involves death of a specific portion of brain tissue due to lack of blood flow to that part of the brain. Also called a stroke.
TRUE
subarachnoid hematoma is a collection of blood below the ____.
arachnoid membrane
T/F: Reyes syndrome is an acute encephaliopathy along w/ fatty infiltration of internal organs that may follow acute viral infection; often occurs in children under 18 with fatal results
TRUE
T/F: Ultrasound used to analyze inter-crainal structure of the brain is termed echoencephalography
TRUE
T/F: Rhizotomy is the surgical resection of a spinal nerve root
TRUE
T/F: Septicemia is systemic infection in which pathogens are present in blood stream having spread from infection in any part of body.
TRUE
T/F: Purpura is the condition of blood beneath skin in pint point hemorrhages.
TRUE
Extension
A straightening motion.
T/F: Endolymph and perilymph help transmit sound waves.
TRUE
T/F: Is the organ or corti located in the cochlea?
TRUE
Temporal
muscle located above and near the ear
Carpels
Bones of the wrist
Mandible
lower jaw bone