15 terms

psychology final exam ch 15 post test

STUDY
PLAY
the frustration-aggression principle
Shortly after Alex learned that he had failed to make the high school football team, he vandalized the team's locker room and broke several classroom windows. His behavior is best explained in terms of
harmony
Groupthink is fueled by a desire for
mirror-image perceptions
Although the leaders of two enemy nations admit to a buildup of their own military forces, each sees the other country's actions as unreasonable and motivated by evil intentions. This situation best illustrates
cognitive dissonance theory
Professor Stewart wrote a very positive letter of recommendation for a student despite having doubts about her competence. Which theory best explains why he subsequently began to develop more favorable attitudes about the student's abilities?
deindividuation
Although Frieda is typically very reserved, as part of a huge rock concert crowd she lost her inhibitions and behaved in a very sexually provocative way. Frieda's unusual behavior is best understood in terms of
equity
Although Natalie receives somewhat greater rewards from her marriage than does her husband, both are satisfied with the relationship because they each benefit in proportion to what they put into it. This best illustrates the significance of
frequency of dating
People's physical attractiveness is a good predictor of their
altruism
When Hutu militia began to slaughter the Tutsi in 1994, missionary Carl Wilkens risked his own life to save the lives of others. His actions best illustrated
underestimating situational constraints on another's behavior
The fundamental attribution error involves
no others were pulling with them
In a study of social loafing, blindfolded students were asked to pull on a rope as hard as they could. The students tugged hardest when they thought
the reciprocity norm
After Mrs. Chanski and her children had helped themselves to free samples of the cookies being promoted in the grocery store, she felt obligated to buy some, even though they seemed unreasonably expensive. Her reaction best illustrates the significance o
participants are not observed by other group members when giving their answers
Using the Asch procedure, conformity to group judgments would be LEAST likely when
GRIT
Initiating one or more small conciliatory acts is a central feature of
the scapegoat theory
Evidence that people exhibit heightened levels of prejudice when they are economically frustrated offers support for
the chameleon effect
Research participants who worked alongside someone who rubbed his or her face or shook his or her foot were observed to do the same thing themselves. This best illustrated