Terms in this set (30)

-Radical Republicans attempted to establish a base in the South
-Many Reconstruction officials were northerners who for one reason or another made their homes in the South after the war (carpetbaggers)
-Large majority were former Union soldiers who decided to stay in the South when the war ended, before there was any prospect of going into politics
-Others were investors in land and railroads who saw in the postwar South an opportunity to combine personal economic advancement with a role in helping to substitute "the civilizations of freedom for that of slavery"
-Most white Republicans were born in the South (scalawags)
-Scalawags cooperated with the Republicans in order to prevent "rebels" from returning to power
-Others hoped Republican governments would help them recover from wartime economic losses by suspending the collection of debts and enacting laws protecting small property holders from losing their homes to creditors
-Even in the Deep South, the small white Republican vote was important, because the population was almost evenly divided between blacks (who voted for Lincoln's party) and whites (Democrats)
-Reconstruction governments in many respects failed in the South, but they did manage to accomplish a lot
-Establishment of the South's first state-supported public schools
-These schools were generally segregated
-By the 1870s, in a region whose prewar leaders had made it illegal for slaves to learn and had to done little to provide education for poorer whites, more than half the children, black and white, were attending schools
-The new governments pioneered civil rights legislation, making it illegal for railroads, hotels, and other institutions to discriminate based on race
-Republican governments took steps to strengthen the position of rural laborers and promote the South's economic recovery
-They passed laws to ensure that agricultural laborers and sharecroppers had the first claim on harvested crops
-SC's state Land Commission
-The South's traditional leaders bitterly opposed the new governments