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13 terms

Persians Wars Study Guide- People/vocab words/places

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PLAY
satrapies
the 20 states into which Darius divided the Persian Empire
Persepolis
an ancient city that was the capital of the ancient Persian Empire
Hippias
(527-510 B.C) Son of Pisistratus. He abbused powers as partial tyrant of Athens, so sent into exile. His short reign ended tyranney for Athens.
Ten Thousand Immortals
group of elite soldiers that King Darius chose
Aristagoras
led 499 B.C. revolt of Ionians against Darius and Persian Empire; with Athens and Eretria he attacked Sardis - the fleet was destroyed and Miletus was burned
Naxos
Greek island that approached Aristogoras to revolt
Megabates
led Ionian Revolt
Hot Gates
another name for Thermopylae, it was a narrow strip of land making it hard for the persian army to fight at full force
Trireme
ancient Greek or Roman galley or warship having three tiers of oars on each side
Leonidas
Spartan commander at the battle of Thermopylae (480 BCE), who told allies to return to Athens and develop "plan B" while he and three hundred Spartans engaged and delayed the Persians at the pass at Thermopylae. He and his men "died for Greece."
Ephialtes
Traitor at the battle of Thermopylae, gave the Persians information about a goat path that led around the path, Persians completely surrounded Spartans, Spartans are destroyed, name means nightmare in the dictionary
Mardonius
general, and advisor to Xerxes. Offers advice telling Xerxes to attack Athens and capture Greece.
Eurybiades
Spartan naval commander who in theory was in charge of the battles of artemesium and salamis. However, b/c Athens provided 127 ships, the duty really fell on Themistocles. He wants to go the isthmus when he learns that Xerxes has raided the temples and sacked Athens, but he is blackmailed/talked out of it by Themistocles