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the 20 states into which Darius divided the Persian Empire


an ancient city that was the capital of the ancient Persian Empire


(527-510 B.C) Son of Pisistratus. He abbused powers as partial tyrant of Athens, so sent into exile. His short reign ended tyranney for Athens.

Ten Thousand Immortals

group of elite soldiers that King Darius chose


led 499 B.C. revolt of Ionians against Darius and Persian Empire; with Athens and Eretria he attacked Sardis - the fleet was destroyed and Miletus was burned


Greek island that approached Aristogoras to revolt


led Ionian Revolt

Hot Gates

another name for Thermopylae, it was a narrow strip of land making it hard for the persian army to fight at full force


ancient Greek or Roman galley or warship having three tiers of oars on each side


Spartan commander at the battle of Thermopylae (480 BCE), who told allies to return to Athens and develop "plan B" while he and three hundred Spartans engaged and delayed the Persians at the pass at Thermopylae. He and his men "died for Greece."


Traitor at the battle of Thermopylae, gave the Persians information about a goat path that led around the path, Persians completely surrounded Spartans, Spartans are destroyed, name means nightmare in the dictionary


general, and advisor to Xerxes. Offers advice telling Xerxes to attack Athens and capture Greece.


Spartan naval commander who in theory was in charge of the battles of artemesium and salamis. However, b/c Athens provided 127 ships, the duty really fell on Themistocles. He wants to go the isthmus when he learns that Xerxes has raided the temples and sacked Athens, but he is blackmailed/talked out of it by Themistocles

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