TRUE/FALSE: Both the British and the Americans had military, political and economic advantages and disadvantages in the war.
False (the Battle of Saratoga was the turning point in the war)
TRUE/FALSE: The Battle of Bunker hill was the turning point in the war, for it persuaded the French to give what proved to be significant help to the Americans in the war for independence.
TRUE/FALSE: Black Americans played an important role in the war.
False (the American victory did not fundamentally change the condition or status of blacks or women)
TRUE/FALSE: The American victory freed slaves and gave women the right to vote.
militia men who could be mobilized at a moment's notice
Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys
seized Fort Ticonderoga in New York
Declaration of the Causes and Necessities for Taking Up Arms
military plans that Congress drew up that organized an army led by George Washington, a navy created to disrupt British shipping and an expedition led by Benedict Arnold to wrest Canada from the British Empire
Richard Henry Lee
introduced a resolution in Congress that declared the colonies free and independent states
wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet that condemned monarchy and aristocracy
wrote the Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
month, day, and year the Declaration of Independence was formally approved by Congress.
Articles of Confederation
first constitution of the United States
British advantages in the war
larger population; possessed considerable financial resources; controlled seas and trade; highly trained and experienced professional fighting force; Native American, Tory, Black American and Loyalist allies
British disadvantages in the war
battled Holland, Spain, and France; style of fighting was not suitable for North America; had considerable logistical problems; had to destroy Washington's Army
Colonial advantages in the war
were fighting for liberty, had excellent officers, we able to utilize guerrilla welfare, received financial support from France
Colonial disadvantages in the war
Congress had no political authority; most were loyalists, indifferent or neutral about war; suffered supply shortages
Battle of Saratoga (1777)
General Horatio Gates and American forces defeated British General Burgoyne; turning point in war
Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams
three principal American diplomats
January 14, 1783
month, day and year Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris