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25 terms

Lit terms for Shakespeare

STUDY
PLAY
exposition
creates the tone, gives the setting, introduces some of the characters, and supplies facts necessary for the understanding of the play
rising action
the antagonist and the protagonist are balanced against each other
climax
always occurs in the third act of a Shakespearean drama. It is the turning point of the action where the action turns from good to bad
complications
events which serve to further the climax or catastrophe
falling action
the continuous downfall of the protagonist. It prepares the audience for the next phase of the play
catastrophe
the tragic failure, usually the death, of the hero and comes as the natural outgrowth of the action
denouement
the resolution of the play where the tragedy is explained and a solution to the problem is given for future reference. The _____ sometimes presents a moral
tragedy
a drama which tells of an important and related series of events in the life of a person of significance. The events usually end in an unhappy catastrophe. The whole drama is treated with great seriousness and dignity
soliloquy
a speech of a character in a play while the speaker is alone on stage
aside
words spoken by an actor to be heard by the audience only and not by the other actors
dramatic irony
the words or acts of a character in a play may carry meaning unknown to him, but understood by the audience
protagonist
the chief character in the play.
antagonist
the chief opponent of the protagonist
fate
circumstances which can't be controlled by humans
tragic flaw
a certain quality in the characters personality which causes their downfall
free will
the ability of the character in the play to make his own decisions and shape his own future
pathos
the suffering of a character and the feeling the audience has for the characters
humorous relief
elements of humor in the play that serve to relieve tension in the audience
chorus
the actor who sets the tone of the play, intro and possibly conclude
puns
humorous play on words indicating different meanings
blank verse
the style of writing used by Shakespeare, each line has 5 feet of iambic pentameter, no rhyme
iambic pentameter
the beat or rhythm of five foot poetry
iamb
one foot of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable
metaphor
comparing something in terms of something else
extended metaphor
several comparisons are made