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type of schizophrenia in which the person suffers from delusions of persecution, grandeur, and jealousy, together with hallucinations


severe disorder in which the person suffers from disordered thinking, bizarre behavior, hallucinations, and inability to distinguish between fantasy and reality

bipolar disorder

severe mood swings between major depressive episodes and manic episodes


having the quality of excessive excitement, energy, and elation or irritability

cognitive psychologists

psychologist who study the way people think, remember, and mentally organize information

major depression

severe depression that comes on suddenly and seems to have no external cause

mood disorders

disorders in which mood is severely disturbed

generalized anxiety disorder

disorder in which a person has feelings of dread and impending doom along with physical symptoms of stress, lasting six months or more

obsessive-compulsive disorder

disorder in which intruding, recurring thoughts or obsessions create anxiety that is relieved by performing a repetitive, ritualistic behavior

personality disorders

disorders in which a person adopts a persistent, rigid, and maladaptive pattern of behavior that interferes with normal social interactions


study of abnormal behavior

culture-bound syndromes

disorders found only in particular cultures

psychological disorders

any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life

panic disorder

disorder in which panic attacks occur frequently enough to cause the person difficulty in adjusting to daily life

panic attack

sudden onset of intense panic in which multiple physical symptoms of stress occur, ofter with feelings that one is dying

specific phobia

fear of objects or specific situations or events

social phobia

fear of interacting with others or being in social situations that might lead to a negative evaluation


false sensory perceptions, such as hearing voices that do not really exist


an irrational, persistent fear of an object, situation, or social activity


false beliefs held by a person who refuses to accept evidence of their falseness

anxiety disorders

disorders in which the main symptom is excessive or unrealistic anxiety and fearfulness

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