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Paradise Lost Quiz
Terms in this set (47)
From the first 8/9 lines of Book IX, what is the "tone" of this book and why must it be? Quote lines to support your answer.
The tone is tragic, dark and serious. About vow distrust. About the revolt against Christ.
Where does Milton say he gets his style - from whom? (This, by the way, is somewhat of a true story. I'll tell you why.)
His muse: the celestial patroness who comes to him nightly and tells him what to write.
Whose fault will it be if Milton cannot tell the story of the Fall as it should be told? (See final lines of the first stanza.)
His own. He doesn't know the reason. Maybe too old. Maybe the Muse won't come. Maybe he's in the wrong part of the world to write epics.
The second stanza begins with a description of Satan's return to Earth to find a way into Paradise; between lines 65 to 80, how does Satan find a way into Paradise so that he is not seen by the guarding angels?
He goes under the Tigris river and under the Paradise and rose up in a fountain by the tree of life.
Why does Satan choose the snake to hide himself?
The snake looks intelligent so if he goes and actually makes it intelligent the angel won't think anything of it.
Read Satan's apostrophe to the Earth, which begins on line 99, carefully: what emotions does he reveal, which cause him to make his apostrophe?
His inward grief and passion.
What do lines 99 to 123 reveal about Satan's psychology? Recall his boast in Book I, that the mind is its own place, and can make a Heaven of Hell, and vice-versa: was he correct in the way that he intended it, or has he proved to have assumed erroneously? Explain.
Says Earth is better than heaven but he makes it so because he really doesn't remember Heaven so he is making Earth better considering it was built after it. making an irrational observation.
What does Satan realize is the only way he can ease his suffering?
He has to destroy Earth and everything on it. If he's miserable, then everybody is miserable.
How does Satan consider to be an "indignity" to angelic beings?
Angels serving humans.
How does Satan rationalize to himself why God made Earth and Man?
He made Earth as their place but he gave it away to people of day.
What does Satan conclude was God's purpose in creating man - this "son of clay"?
God made the world of so much beauty despite Satan. He gave it to someone made of clay in spite of him so he will destroy it.
Why does Eve propose to Adam that they work apart on this day? What does this suggest about Nature in Paradise?
She says that they don't get their work done when they work together so they have to separate to earn their lunch. The Nature in Paradise is that death doesn't exist.
Do Adam and Eve have sexual relations in Paradise, in their state of innocence? What indicates the answer?
Yes. She states that she wants to have children.
What are 2 stylistic devices that occur in this line: "To whom mild answer Adam thus returned"?
Inverted syntax - answer/mild
Suspended syntax - Adam thus returned/to whom mild answer
Judging from the tone of Adam's reply to Eve's proposal to work apart, how does Adam feel about Eve?
Adam feels strongly about Eve. He feels as though if they work apart he is missing a part of himself.
What are the two reasons that Adam gives for disagreeing with Eve's proposal to work apart that day? (The first reason is the weaker of the two, since he would agree to separation because separation simply increases it for Adam; the second is more serious and a greater bar to separation.)
1) He tells her that time apart will bring them closer but there is a force that is going to try to break them apart
2) Doesn't want her to think love is a bad thing
What is the effect of Adam's reply on the tone of Eve's reply to him, beginning line 270 to 272.
Eve has no feelings. Her response is stiff. Unkindness and love are conflicting emotions that are happening.
What is Eve's complaint in lines 273 to 289?
Eve thinks that Adam doubts her faith in God and love for him.
What is the tone of Adam's reply?
Adam wanted to soother her.
In lines 291 to 317, why does Adam think he would be stronger to resist Satan if Eve were with him?
Adam believes his firmness would increase under her watch. He would not want to disappoint her. He would not yield to Satan with her looking on.
What reason does Adam give to remind Eve not to underestimate the abilities of their evil foe?
"Subtle he needs must be, who could seduce Angels" Satan was able to seduce God's angels from Heaven.
From the information given in the introduction to Eve's reply to Adam, lines 319 to 321, does Eve accept Adam's reasoning and intent in his reply ending line 317?
No, she does not change her mind.
What is Eve's contention (argument) in lines 322 to 326? Summarize it concisely.
How are we happy if we have to live in fear? The dishonor is on the tempter (a sign of his disobedience). Paradise is a prison if they have to fear him. She will not be happy here.
What is her argument in lines 335 to 336?
The sin is temptation, it's Satan's, not theirs. They do not have pure faith if they heed exterior help.
In lines 337 to 341, what mistake does Eve suggest that Adam has made about God's action?
Eve suggests that Adam thinks God created a flawed creation and is doubting God.
And what is the nature of Adam's reaction to Eve's inference in the previous question?
"Fervently replied" - got worked up over her accusation.
Where does Adam say the danger to them lies and why?
Free will; they have reason within them, and as long as will follows reason they will not do wrong. But with free will, reason can also dictate the wrong things to do. As long as their actions follow reason, they will do the right thing.
What does Adam mean when he says "Firm we subsist, yet possible to swerve,/Since reason not impossibly may meet/Some specious object by the foe suborned,/And fall into deception unaware,/Not keeping strictest watch, as she was warned"?
Adam means that they may be misled by creation, and overtaken by foe, and that will lead us to do what we are forbidden to do. They must not go looking for trouble.
What are the two reasons that Adam gives for agreeing to work alone that day?
He wants to make her happy and if he forces her then she will be distant.
He won't let passion/love get in the way of reason.
Why does Eve say that surely their foe would not choose her to subvert instead of Adam?
Eve does not believe that anyone would pick on a poor girl like her - when she repulses him, his humiliation will be too great. (A proud foe would not seek the weakest force.)
Why does Milton choose to use the allusion to Pomona to compose the epic simile that describes Eve departing to work alone apart from Adam?
Alludes to Pomona because it shows the same thing that is going to happen to them. It is foreshadowing what is to come for Adam and Eve.
What is foreshadowed in lines 404 to 411?
Eve giving in to Satan's disguise
Whom did Satan wish to find alone, of Adam and Eve?
"... and with rapine sweet bereaved/His fierceness of the fierce intent it brought:/That space the Evil One abstracted stood/From his own evil, and for the time remained/Stupidly good, of enmity disarmed,/Of guile, of hate, of envy, of revenge." What happened to Satan's evil and what caused it to happen?
When Satan sees Eve, the sight of her rapes him (rapine), and takes away his fierceness. The sight of her makes him "stupidly good" and his evil intent leaves. But only for a second.
What always happens to Satan when he sees happiness, goodness, and beauty?
He is brought back to his main purpose: destruction. He realizes that beauty is not meant for him and that increases him pain and anger. His mindset of Heaven anywhere he goes is wrong because everywhere he goes is Hell.
Why did Satan prefer finding Eve rather than Adam alone?
He fears Adam's thinking process rather than Eve's because they have different reasoning. He fears Adam's physical strength and his ability to inflict pain on him.
Satan's "fraudulent temptation thus" begins on line 532: what is his basic tactic? That is, what in her mind or being does he attempt to inflame?
He addresses her flattering beauty, and his words have an impact on her because she has seen herself/beauty and it effects her psychology.
Are Satan's words effective? What does line 550 say about this?
Yes - "into the heart of Eve his words made way"
What piques Eve's curiosity and wonder?
The serpent was talking to her, and with reason (human sense)
What question does she ask of the Snake?
"How cam'st thou speakable of mute, and how to me so friendly grown above the rest of brutal kind, that daily are in sight?"
What story does the serpent tell by way of explanation?
The tree of life
What effect does the serpent claim to have received from eating the forbidden fruit?
Being able to talk and have reason
How does Satan turn his lie about eating the fruit of the forbidden tree to flattery of Eve?
He was looking at everything good, and then he saw her and saw all good summed up in her so he came to worship her.
What is the poet telling us about Eve's situation when he says, "So talked the spirited sly snake, and Eve/Yet more amazed unwary thus replied"?
She does not know he is lying, because there is no reason to think that could happen because she has never been deceived because she is innocent.
What epic simile does Milton use to portray Eve following Satan to the mysterious tree? Why is is appropriate?
A swamp gas fire misleads their people to doom, just as Satan is leading Eve to humanity's doom.
When Eve sees which tree the serpent is praising, she says that God left a "sole daughter of his voice"; what does she mean by this?
They must not touch the tree because it is God's only commandment (law)
Other than the "sole daughter of [God's] voice," what is Adam and Eve's law in Paradise?
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