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56 terms

Art history Northern and Italian Renaissance

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illuminated manuscript
detail, signs of zodiac, picture book
nuremburg chronicles
one of the first books ever printed, history of the world
egg tempera
mix egg yolks with pigments and paint.
burin
A pointed tool used for engraving or incising.
intaglio
A graphic technique in which the design is incised, or scratched, on a metal plate, either manually (engraving, drypoint) or chemically (etching).
relief
figures projecting from a background of which they are part. high, low (bas), or sunken.
engraving
The process of incising a design in hard material, often a metal plate (usually copper); also, the print or impression made from such a plate.
letterpress
The technique of printing with movable type invented in Germany in the 15th century.
triptych
three panels which are hinged together and can be folded shut or displayed open.
book of hours
a christian book of prayers for private devotion, specific prayers to be read at different times of the day
oil paint
revolutionized. brighter colors. only works with linseed oil
claus sluter, well of moses,
Northern Renai. sculpture of moses, horns. no body under drapery
konrad witz, miraculous drought of fish
Northern renaissance- walking on water, water effects. 1st picture with an identifiable location (lake geneva switzerland)
Momento mori
symbol of death
contrapposto
weight shift- makes look more realistic
Orthogonals
strict grid plan, regardless of terrain so streets meet at 90* angles
central plan
greek cross - all sides equal (more like a + sign)
logitudinal plan
latin cross. vertical line is longer than the horizontal one
arial(atmospheric) perspective
the perspective is shown by objects getting fuzzier the further away they are, and the colors get more gray and details less defined
international style
Simone Martini. adapted French Gothic manner to Sienese art w/ North. brilliant color, lavish costume, intricate ornament, and themes involving splendid processions of knights and ladies
linear perspective
A method of presenting an illusion of the three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface. all lines converge on vanishing points
Horizon line
eye level in a painting
Medici
family of wealthy art patrons who commissioned a lot of art. owned a bank in 15th century
Vasari
A pupil of Michelangelo, wrote first art history
vanishing point
the point on which all lines converge to in perspective pieces.
Donatello, Saint mark
Italian renaissance. 1st to show form under drapes, contraposto
donatello, david
italian. 1st freestanding
antonio pollaiuolo, hercules and antaecus
italian renai. action, figure in motion,
donatello, gattamelata
italian renai. equestrian statue, cannon ball,
adrea del verrocchio, bartolommeo colleoni
italian.equestrian, FREESTANDING LEG
lorenzo ghiberti, gates of paradise
italian, gothic quatrafoil frames,(doors)
first to embrace a unified system for representing space
fra angelico, annunciation
italian. old fashioned halo's, accurate perspective, sortof show figure under robes
Andrea castgno, last supper
italian, emotion, judas no halo, halo's have perspective tilt
fra filippo lippi, madonna and child
italian, thin halo, just gold band, more 'worldly' and beautiful
domenico ghirlandaio, birth of a virgin
italian. classical, one point perspective, contemporary dress
paulo uccello, battle of san romano
italian, perspective (not great artist, but loved perspective)
sandro botticelli, birth of venus,
italian. 1st female nude that is not christian/religious
perugino, christ delivering keys to st peter
italian. 1st perspective, arc de triumph, florence cathedral, 3 stories (ready to stone christ, giving keys, etc)
luca signorelli, damned cast into hell,
italian. colorful, human anatomy, PSYCHIC IMPACT
leon battista alberti, saint andrea
italian. 3 arch, barrel vault, based off triumph arch, latin cross, back to roman architecture
andrea mantegna, camera de sposi
italian.one of the first illusionistic works of the renaissance. while room painted in 3d illusionary
andrea mantegna, dead christ
italian. foreshortening done backwards. (head too large, feet too small
robert campin, merode altarpiece
northern. everyday objects with representational significance
jan van eyck, ghent altarpeice
northern. painted donors in. decorated both exteriors and interiors of these folding altar pieces
jan van eyck, giovanni arnolfini and his bride
northern. highly symbolic wedding picture
rogier van der weyden, deposition
northern. emotional impact. resembles relief carving- 3d people on flat 'stage' background
dirk bouts, last supper
N.one of earliest n. renai. paintings to employ single vanishing point perspective. 4 Flemish ppl- prolly the patrons
hugo van der goes, portinari altarpeice
N.rare instance of awarding a Flemish painter a major commission (from florence) admire the realism and character.
limbourg brothers, october, book of hours
N.detail, realistic architecture and shadows. beginning of perspective. Peasantry
martin schonguar, saint anthony tormented by demons
N.skilled at metal engraving. got very nice range of values and textures
gentile da fabriano, adoration of the magi
italian. international style. successfully blended naturalistic details with Gothic splendor, color costume, framing
masaccio, tribute money
italian. psychological and physical credibility. light coming from source outside picture
masaccio, holy trinity
italian. application of math to new science of perspective. illusion
filippo bruneleschi, dome Florence cathedral
italian. double shell, 463 steps, way to build dome without scaffolding or dirt in walls. invented meals on wheels. invented gear- shift- so can turn fwd and then backward.
filippo brunelleschi, santo spirito
italian. classically inspired- everything mathematical and exact,
piero della francesca, flagellation of christ
italian. enigmatic. bearded man intense for time, particularly admired for the realistic rendering of the hall