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A graphic technique in which the design is incised, or scratched, on a metal plate, either manually (engraving, drypoint) or chemically (etching).
The process of incising a design in hard material, often a metal plate (usually copper); also, the print or impression made from such a plate.
book of hours
a christian book of prayers for private devotion, specific prayers to be read at different times of the day
konrad witz, miraculous drought of fish
Northern renaissance- walking on water, water effects. 1st picture with an identifiable location (lake geneva switzerland)
the perspective is shown by objects getting fuzzier the further away they are, and the colors get more gray and details less defined
Simone Martini. adapted French Gothic manner to Sienese art w/ North. brilliant color, lavish costume, intricate ornament, and themes involving splendid processions of knights and ladies
A method of presenting an illusion of the three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface. all lines converge on vanishing points
lorenzo ghiberti, gates of paradise
italian, gothic quatrafoil frames,(doors)
first to embrace a unified system for representing space
fra angelico, annunciation
italian. old fashioned halo's, accurate perspective, sortof show figure under robes
fra filippo lippi, madonna and child
italian, thin halo, just gold band, more 'worldly' and beautiful
domenico ghirlandaio, birth of a virgin
italian. classical, one point perspective, contemporary dress
perugino, christ delivering keys to st peter
italian. 1st perspective, arc de triumph, florence cathedral, 3 stories (ready to stone christ, giving keys, etc)
leon battista alberti, saint andrea
italian. 3 arch, barrel vault, based off triumph arch, latin cross, back to roman architecture
andrea mantegna, camera de sposi
italian.one of the first illusionistic works of the renaissance. while room painted in 3d illusionary
andrea mantegna, dead christ
italian. foreshortening done backwards. (head too large, feet too small
jan van eyck, ghent altarpeice
northern. painted donors in. decorated both exteriors and interiors of these folding altar pieces
rogier van der weyden, deposition
northern. emotional impact. resembles relief carving- 3d people on flat 'stage' background
dirk bouts, last supper
N.one of earliest n. renai. paintings to employ single vanishing point perspective. 4 Flemish ppl- prolly the patrons
hugo van der goes, portinari altarpeice
N.rare instance of awarding a Flemish painter a major commission (from florence) admire the realism and character.
limbourg brothers, october, book of hours
N.detail, realistic architecture and shadows. beginning of perspective. Peasantry
martin schonguar, saint anthony tormented by demons
N.skilled at metal engraving. got very nice range of values and textures
gentile da fabriano, adoration of the magi
italian. international style. successfully blended naturalistic details with Gothic splendor, color costume, framing
masaccio, tribute money
italian. psychological and physical credibility. light coming from source outside picture
filippo bruneleschi, dome Florence cathedral
italian. double shell, 463 steps, way to build dome without scaffolding or dirt in walls. invented meals on wheels. invented gear- shift- so can turn fwd and then backward.
filippo brunelleschi, santo spirito
italian. classically inspired- everything mathematical and exact,
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