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1. ( often initial capital letter ) any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
2. any war carried on under papal sanction.
3. any vigorous, aggressive movement for the defense or advancement of an idea, cause, etc.
verb (used without object)
4. to go on or engage in a ~.


verb (used with object)
1. to overthrow (something established or existing).
2. to cause the downfall, ruin, or destruction of.
3. to undermine the principles of; corrupt.


1. overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited
2. bubbling up like a boiling liquid.


1. a rod or wand borne in the hand as an emblem of regal or imperial power.
2. royal or imperial power or authority; sovereignty.
verb (used with object)
3. to give a ~ to; invest with authority.


verb (used with object)
1. to soften in feeling or temper, as a person; pacify; appease.
2. to mitigate or reduce; soften


1. without emotion; apathetic; unmoved.
2. calm; serene.
3. unconscious; insensible.
4. not subject to suffering.


noun ( used with a plural verb )
1. articles of equipment or dress, especially of an ornamental character.
2. conventional adornment; characteristic signs: trappings of democracy.
3. Sometimes, ~-s. an ornamental covering for a horse; caparison.


1. a long, often cylindrical, cushion or pillow for a bed, sofa, etc.
2. anything resembling this in form or in use as a support.
3. any pillow, cushion, or pad.
4. Nautical .
a. Also called ~ plate . a circular casting on the side of a vessel, through which an anchor chain passes.
b. a timber used as a temporary support.
c. a beam for holding lines or rigging without chafing.
d. a bag filled with buoyant material, fitted into a small boat.
5. Metalworking . an anvillike support for the lower die of a drop forge.
with object)
9. to support with or as with a pillow or cushion.
10. to add to, support, or uphold (sometimes followed by up )


1. having or showing a disposition to avoid exertion; slothful
2. Pathology . causing little or no pain; inactive or relatively benign


1. a conceited, foolish dandy; pretentious fop.
2. Archaic . head; pate.


adjective, noun, plural -ar•ies.
1. used or adapted for setting property on fire
2. of or pertaining to the criminal setting on fire of property.
3. tending to arouse strife, sedition, etc.; inflammatory
4. tending to inflame the senses
5. a person who deliberately sets fire to buildings or other property, as an arsonist.
6. Military . a shell, bomb, or grenade containing napalm, thermite, or some other substance that burns with an intense heat.
7. a person who stirs up strife, sedition, etc.; an agitator.


1. serving or tending to deter.
2. something that deters
3. military strength or an ability to defend a country or retaliate strongly enough to deter an enemy from attacking.


verb (used with object)
to lead on by exciting hope or desire; allure; inveigle: They were enticed westward by dreams of gold.


tending to ~
verb (used with object)
1. to overcome the distrust or hostility of; placate; win over: to conciliate an angry competitor.
2. to win or gain (goodwill, regard, or favor).
3. to make compatible; reconcile.
verb (used without object)
4. to become agreeable or reconciled: Efforts to conciliate in the dispute proved fruitless.)


1. a person, especially an orator or political leader, who gains power and popularity by arousing the emotions, passions, and prejudices of the people.
2. (in ancient times) a leader of the people.
verb (used with object)
3. to treat or manipulate (a political issue) in the manner of a ~; obscure or distort with emotionalism, prejudice, etc.
verb (used without object)
4. to speak or act like a ~.


verb (used with object)
1. to start (a fire); cause (a flame, blaze, etc.) to begin burning.
2. to set fire to or ignite (fuel or any combustible matter).
3. to excite; stir up or set going; animate; rouse; inflame
4. to light up, illuminate, or make bright
verb (used without object)
5. to begin to burn, as combustible matter, a light, fire, or flame.
6. to become aroused or animated.
7. to become lighted up, bright, or glowing, as the sky at dawn or the eyes with ardor.


1. refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible.
2. a person who refuses to agree or compromise, as in politics.


1. violent or excited behavior that is reckless, uncontrolled, or destructive.
2. a state of violent anger or agitation
verb (used without object)
3. to rush, move, or act furiously or violently: a bull elephant rampaging through the jungle.


verb (used with object)
1. to instigate or foster (discord, rebellion, etc.); promote the growth or development of
2. to apply warm water or medicated liquid, ointments, etc., to (the surface of the body).


1. not producing or incapable of producing offspring; sterile
2. unproductive; unfruitful
3. without capacity to interest or attract
4. mentally unproductive; dull; stupid.
5. not producing results; fruitless
7. Usually, ~s. level or slightly rolling land, usually with a sandy soil and few trees, and relatively infertile.


noun ( used with a plural verb )
1. a record of events, especially a yearly record, usually in chronological order.
2. historical records generally
3. a periodical publication containing the formal reports of an organization or learned field.


verb (used with object)
1. to set up; establish; organize
2. to inaugurate; initiate; start
3. to set in operation
4. to bring into use or practice
5. to establish in an office or position.
7. a society or organization for carrying on a particular work, as of a literary, scientific, or educational character.
8. the building occupied by such a society.
9. Education .
a. an institution, generally beyond the secondary school level, devoted to instruction in technical subjects, usually separate but sometimes organized as a part of a university.
b. a unit within a university organized for advanced instruction and research in a relatively narrow field of subject matter.
c. a short instructional program set up for a special group interested in a specialized field or subject.
10. an established principle, law, custom, or organization.
11. institutes,
a. an elementary textbook of law designed for beginners.
b. ( initial capital letter ) Also called Institutes of Justinian. an elementary treatise on Roman law in four books, forming one of the four divisions of the Corpus Juris Civilis.


of or like a mule, as being very stubborn, obstinate, or intractable.


1. a person who takes up an art, activity, or subject merely for amusement, especially in a desultory or superficial way; dabbler.
2. a lover of an art or science, especially of a fine art.
3. of or pertaining to ~s.


verb (used without object)
1. to turn aside or swerve; take an oblique course.
2. to look obliquely; squint.
verb (used with object)
3. to give an oblique direction to; shape, form, or cut obliquely.
4. Slang . to make conform to a specific concept, attitude, or planned result; slant
5. to distort; depict unfairly.
6. having an oblique direction or position; slanting.
7. having a part that deviates from a straight line, right angle, etc.
8. Mathematics . (of a dyad or dyadic) equal to the negative of its conjugate.
9. (of an arch, bridge, etc.) having the centerline of its opening forming an oblique angle with the direction in which its spanning structure is built.
10. Statistics . (of a distribution) having ~ness.
11. an oblique movement, direction, or position.
12. Also called skew chisel. a wood chisel having a cutting edge set obliquely.

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