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psych ch 6 questions

many psychologists find it useful to think about memory as a series of steps in which we process information much like a computer stores and retrieves data. these steps form what is know as the ___ model
a process by which a person continues to study material even after is has been learned is called
over learning
sensory registers___
receive sensory information from the external world
the process of selective looking, listening, smelling, and feeling is called____
working memory and _____ mean the same thing
short-term memory
the most accurate description of short- term memory's capacity is probably to say that it can hold____
as much info as can be rehearsed in 1.5 to 2 seconds
______results in more material being stored in short-term memory because the information is grouped together
material stored in short-term memory remains there for about _____
15 to 20 seconds
repeating information over and over gain to retain it in short-term memory is called____
rote rehearsal
connecting new information to material which is already known is called____
elaborative learning
the type of memory that is usually permanent and stores what we know is called _____
long-term memory
the definition of a key term from your psycholofy text is most likely stored in ______ memory
the portion of long-term memory that stores spicific information that has personal meaning is called _____ memory
research on implicit and explicit memory indicates that____
the setting in which you learned information can serve as a retrieval cue to help you later recall that material
the most important determinant of interference is
in interviewing witnesses to a bank robbery a detective hears a diffrent story from each witness. witnesses recall different hair color, height, and even the number of suspects involved. the most likely explanation for these differences in the stories of the witnesses is____
reconstructive memory
a type of memory loss that has no known neurological cause is_____
hysterical amnesia
researchers have shown that overlearning _______
increases both short-term and long-term retention of material
our visual sensation of a classmate walking past us would initially be in the ______
sensory registers
chunking is a mean of
organizing information into meaningful units
according to the ______theory, information gets pushed aside or confused by other information in short-term memory
elaborative rehearsal involves____
relating new information to something you already know
the portioin of long-term memory that stores general facts and information is called _____
an item is easier to remember____
the more connections it has with information already in long-term memory
while memorizing a list of words, students are exposed to the smell of garlic. If the students recall more words when there is the smell of garlic then the effect of garlick is most likely due to _____memory
proactive interference of long-term memory means ____
old material interferes with remembering new material
when memories are not lost but are transformed into something somewhat different, it is called_____
reconstructive memory
our recollection of events that occurred in our life and when those events took place is called ___memory
memories that concern events that are highly significant and are vividly remembered are called ______
flashbulb memories
eidetic imagery is sometimes called _____
photographic memory
we use mnemonics to_____
give order to information we want to learn
the hippocampus is important for _____
transferring information from short-term to long-term memory
a form of amnesia related to alcoholism is _____
Korsakoff's syndrome
_____memory tends to improve with age