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fine arts final

STUDY
PLAY
the goal for this class
teach students to appreciate music through constructive listening and understanding
who was the famous American compser who wrote Fanfare for the Common Man?
Aaron Copland
some of the world's earliest notation can be found in
Gregorian Chant
composer famous for writing scores to movies
John Williams
Gregorian chant is rented in __ text?
Latin
Improvisation is an imporant element of __?
jazz
What are the dates of the Middle Ages?
450-1450
secular music is?
non religious music
What music is monophonic, sung in Latin, and the official music of sacred music?
Gregorian chant
of the 3 main classes of people in the Middle Ages, which class was mostly likely to compose music?
clergy
who was the first woman composer?
Hildegard of Bingen
___ was a visionary and mystic, and wrote treaties on medicine and science
Hildegard of Bingen
an estampie would have most likely been composed by __ and ___
Troubadours and Trouveres
the first large body of secular songs survining in decipherable notation was written by
Troubadours and Trouveres
This form of polyphony consist of an added melodic line that moves in parallel motion with the primary melody
organum
What are the dates of the Renaissance?
1450-1600
What is a capella?
unaccompanied voal music
What is the most important characteristic of Renaissance music?
word painting
a motet would probably have been performed where?
in a Church
a motet would probably have been set to a text in ___
Latin
Instrumental music written during the Renaissance Period was composed primarily to?
accompany vocal music
a madrigal would probably have been set to text in ___
any besides Latin
What are the dates of the Baroque Period?
1600-1750
What is a concerto grosso?
group of soloists pittes against a larger group of players (called a tutti)
affections are ___
moods
polyphonis composition based on one main theme that is imitated by other voices or lines
fuge
large scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, set usually on a narrative of a religious nature
oratorio
the story that an opera is based upon
libretto
The most widely perfomed oratorio today is?
The Messiah
drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment
opera
This form of Classical music consisted of an exposition, a development section, a recapitulation, and a coda
sonata form
what is the alternation between soft and loud dynamics?
terraced dynamics
the most important contribution of the Classical period is?
the Symphony
Who was the child prodidy who wrote symphonies at the tender age of 8
Mozart
he bridged the gap between the Classical and Romantic periods
Beethoven
the return of the exposition theme in sonata form is called the ___
Recapitulation
an example of the most important from of chamber music
String quartet
a three-movement work for virtuoso instrumental soloist and orchestra
concerto
the short idea that a composition is based on
a motive
a piece designed to be played in an intimate setting of a room
chamber music
used in concertos as an unaccompanied section to feature the virtuosity of the soloist
cadenza
Which Baroque keyboard instrument could make small changes in dynamics?
clavichord
What composed died penniless?
Mozart
Which composer became deaf?
Beethoven
set of dance -inspired movements written in the same key, but with differences in meter, tempo, and character
suite
a motet was a popular form during what period?
Renaissance
The most characteristic feature of Baroque music was
Basso Continuo
an oratorio would probably be performed where?
a concerto hall or in a church
An opera would probably be performed where?
on a stage
One of the most distinctive forms of the Romantic period was
art song
Which composer wrote neraly exclusively for the piano?
chopin
Who was the premier female musician of the 19th century?
Clara Schumann
Who wrote over 600 art songs?
F. Schubert
a piece in triple meter that originated as a stately processional dance for the Polish nobility
Polonaise
music inspired by styles, melodies, and other materials taken from foreign languages
exoticism
What are the dates of the Romantic Period?
1827-1900
A one-movement programmatic piece that was not in sonata allegro form was___
symphonic poem (tone poem)
a multiple-movement programmatic piece
program symphony
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
program music
one of the most premier opera composers of the Romantic period
Verdi
one of the premier tenors of our time
Luciano Pavarotti
most famous Russian composer
Tchaikovsky
Dies Irae shows up in what programmatic piece?
Dream of the Witches Sabbath
La donna e mobile means what?
Women are fickle
Used to intensify expression by slightly holding back or pressing forward the tempo
rubato
tone color
timbre
volume
dynamics
list the female voices from highest to lowest
soprano, mezzo soprano, alto
list the male voives from the highest to lowest
tenor, baritone, bass
relative highness of lowness that we hear in sound
pitch
this kind of texture features a single, unaccopanied melodic line
monophonic
faster vibrations or frequencies of an object result in __ ___
higher pitch
flow of music in time
rhythm
recurring pulses in music
beat
part added to the melody that adds support, depth, and richness
harmony
two or more notes being played at the same time
chord
this kind of meter is the msot popular
duple
simplest definition of music is
organized sound
A series of single notes which add up to a recognizable whole, consisting of pitch and rhythm
melody
which type of form is the most common?
ternary
the music of the acadians in LA in the 19th century was transformed by which influences: (5)
african rhythms, anglo americans, native americans, spanish influences, french influence
cajun music came originally from ___
France
One of the most important influences of Acadian music was Dennis McGee, who was the son of an Irish immigrant father and a mother who was half French and ____________
seminole indians
the acadians come to Louisiana via
Nova Scotia
the accordian come to LA from ___
Germany
the accordian was popular because ___
it was loud
the first Cajun recording was made by
Joe and Cleoma Falcon
this musician is credited with being the "king of Zydeco"
Clifton Chenier
who was the legendary Creole musician who later teamed up with Dennis McGee?
Amadee Ardoin
one of the most popular cajun songs ever recorded
Jolie Blonde
after WWII, this musician is credited with bringing back the traditional style of Cajun music
Iry LeJune
trademark instrument of zydeco music
frottoir
This musician coined the name "zydecajun," a mixture of zydeco, Cajun, and rock
Wayne Toups
Most Native American's considered their songs to be
thier personal property
if a Native American song was accompanied it was accompanied mostly by __ and __
drums and rattles
Native American Music was composed for
special functions
primary reason for a Native American to play the flute was
to court a female
A _______ drum consists of a single tanned skin tied to four stakes in the ground and held by four people as another strikes it.
simple skin
african wind instruments are classified as
aerophones
instruments that are struck or shaken that have animal skins are classified as
membranophones
african string instuments are classified as
chordophones
Instruments that are struck or shaken that are not made of animal skins are classified as
idiophones
talking drum
hour glass drum
east coast africans specialize in their
xylohone music
west coast africans are known for their
highly refined drumming
thumb piano
mbira
amici forever
opera band
louis Armstrong's nickname
Satchmo
this canadian-born singer sings in the style of Frank Sinatra
Michael Buble