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Politics of the United States
AP Government Review Quiz 11
Terms in this set (11)
Brown v. Board of Education
ruled separate was inherently unequal.
Baker v. Carr
established principle of one person, one vote. Case: TN legislature was doing awful job at reapportionment, a voter sued.
A Supreme Court ruling stating that a college may not use an explicit numerical quota in admitting minorities but could "take race into account"
Mapp v. Ohio
the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment protection against "unreasonable searches and seizures" may not be used in criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well as federal courts.
Gideon v. Wainwright
Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.
Miranda v. Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.
Buckley v. Valeo
set limits on campaign contributions, but ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech, and struck down portions of the law. The court also stated candidates can give unlimited amounts of money to their own campaigns.
Engel v. Vitale
banned formal prayer in schools, goverment whould not make any religion the 'official' religion.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
The 1971 Supreme Court decision that established that aid to church-related schools must (1) have a secular legislative purpose; (2) have a primary effect that neither advances nor inhibits religion; and (3) not foster excessive government entanglement with religion.
Reynolds v. U.S.
Man claimed that the court should not find him guilty of polygamy since it was his religious duty. The court ruled that religious practices do not supersede law.
Oregon v. Smith
Smoking peyote is not protected under the free exercise clause.
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