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A&P Exam 3 Partial Answers

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kidneys excrete ___ ions and reabsorbe ____ ions in tubule cells
hydrogen ions are excreted, bicarbonate ions are reabsorbed.
What is the average daily output of urine for a normal person?
2000mL/day
Tiny sac-like structures that contain oocytes
Ovarian Follicles
Final outcome of meiosis results in
four gametes
mammary glands are this kind of gland
modified sweat glands in both males and females.
the main carbohydrate for making ATP in cells
Glucose
the hormone that regulates sodium ion concentration in extracellular fluid
aldosterone
hormone responsible for ovulation
lutenizing hormone
energy for sperm in seminal fluid
fructose
the location where protein digestion begins
the stomach
the first nutrient digested
starch
order of veins from a Kidney
cortical radiate vein > arcuate vein > interlobar vein > renal vein
the nonselective process by glomerulus forming blood plasma without blood proteins
filtration
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) prevents excessive water loss by promoting water reabsorption in
the collecting duct
normally found in urine
creatinine
Results of the rennin-angiotensin mechanism mediated by the juxtaglomerular apparatus in the renal tubules include all of the following except
blood volume increase
a simple rule concerning water and electrolyte regulation is
water passively follows salt
The exocrine function of male testies
sperm production
Actual sperm factories of male reproductive system that empty sperm into rete testes are called
the seminiferous tubules
androgens such as testosterone are produced by the
interstitial cells
thick clear mucus that cleanses the urethra of acidic urine is produced by the
bulbourethral glands
approximate pH of semen
7.2 - 7.6
spermatogenesis beings
during puberty
fertilized egg is known as
a zygote