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kidneys excrete ___ ions and reabsorbe ____ ions in tubule cells

hydrogen ions are excreted, bicarbonate ions are reabsorbed.

What is the average daily output of urine for a normal person?


Tiny sac-like structures that contain oocytes

Ovarian Follicles

Final outcome of meiosis results in

four gametes

mammary glands are this kind of gland

modified sweat glands in both males and females.

the main carbohydrate for making ATP in cells


the hormone that regulates sodium ion concentration in extracellular fluid


hormone responsible for ovulation

lutenizing hormone

energy for sperm in seminal fluid


the location where protein digestion begins

the stomach

the first nutrient digested


order of veins from a Kidney

cortical radiate vein > arcuate vein > interlobar vein > renal vein

the nonselective process by glomerulus forming blood plasma without blood proteins


Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) prevents excessive water loss by promoting water reabsorption in

the collecting duct

normally found in urine


Results of the rennin-angiotensin mechanism mediated by the juxtaglomerular apparatus in the renal tubules include all of the following except

blood volume increase

a simple rule concerning water and electrolyte regulation is

water passively follows salt

The exocrine function of male testies

sperm production

Actual sperm factories of male reproductive system that empty sperm into rete testes are called

the seminiferous tubules

androgens such as testosterone are produced by the

interstitial cells

thick clear mucus that cleanses the urethra of acidic urine is produced by the

bulbourethral glands

approximate pH of semen

7.2 - 7.6

spermatogenesis beings

during puberty

fertilized egg is known as

a zygote

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