Thought of himself as a military genius, and surrounded himself by people that thought he was a military genius. He was in charge of the American military effort in the Philippines. He has ten hours, from the bombing at Pearl Harbor, to the attack on the Philippines, to prepare for an attack, or to retaliate from the attack. Instead, he did nothing (complete lack of preparation), and most of the American planes got destroyed on the ground. He later failed to plan for the Philippine amphibious assault, and had to retreat to Australia per Roosevelt's command, leaving his troops behind. Over radio, he urged his troops to escape Corregidor and head for the mountains and fight as guerilla warriors. RELATING TO POST WAR JAPAN: appointed as Shogun by Truman in 1945 as part of Japanese occupation accepted by Japanese b.c. Americans supplied food and other supplies. Also, made the decision not to try Emperor Hirohito in the post war tribunals, which aided his success in imposing Japanese reforms. "The Allies had to overcome seven major factors before the Operation would prove to be somewhat effective and give the Allies a fighting chance: 1) The element of surprise (Pas de Calais, FUSAG) 2) Hamper enemy transport with bombing of French soil (bomb enemy shipping centers, railroads, and roads) 3)Aerial control/domination 4) Develop new tactics for massive amphibious assault (LST, Mulberry, gasoline pipeline across English Channel) 5)Leadership ( Americans were led by trusted leader General Eisenhower and the British were led by General Montgomery ) 6)Overwhelming force (lots of ammo, 2,000,000 men, 160,000 go ashore, 6483 ships) 7)Spread enemy thin (simultaneously attack on other fronts in Italy, Russia, and southern France... distract the Germans)" Was happening after the war as Stalin's attempt to gains spheres of influence. Rumania and Bulgaria- end of 1945. Poland during 1946. Hungary, 1947, Czechoslovakia, 1948. East Germany, 1949. Soviets would begin with coalition government of agrarian parties, liberals, and communists, then communists gain control of Ministry of Interior- police, bureaucracy. Gradual intimidation, elimination of non-communist forces. Seizure of power- either a coup or a controlled election. Show trials of non-communist leaders as traitors, expulsion or execution. Finally consolidation of People's Democracy on Soviet Model- 5 year plans, nationalization, secret police, suppression of Church were possible, etc. US responds to this with Truman doctrine and Marshall plan as avenues for containment of communism.