CLEP ENGLISH LITERATURE
Terms in this set (83)
In a pungent critique of humanity addressed to the mature imagination, the author comments on human nature by examining the life of the Lilliputians, Yahoos and Houyhnhnms.
The Way of All Flesh
Samuel Butler. Semi-autobigraphical novel. Attacks Victorian-era hypocrisy. 1873-1884. About the Pontifex Family
The Pilgrim's Progress
John Bunyan. 1628-1688. Christian Allegory. Continous Narrative. Christian an everyman; journeys from his homeland to the city of destruction (This World).
Through the Looking Glass
Lewis Carroll. 1871. Sequel to Alice in Wonderland. Alice Raikes. Six months earlier.
Daniel Defoe. 1719. Epistolary. A fictional autobiography of a castaway who spent years on a remote tropical island in trinidad.
One of the great triumphs of the play in Shakespeare's addition of the character of the fool, who attempts to comfort his old master, but who also ironically emphasizes the folly and the tradegy of the old man.
William Shakespeare. 1509. Tradgedy. Scotland. Scottish general Macbeth who recieves a prophecy from a trio of witches that he will be king of scotland. Macbeth murders king duncan.
William shakespeare. 1599. Tradegy. Marcus brutus. Cinna. Cimber. Flavius. Marullus. Ciecro. Calpurnia. Portia. Mark Antony. Lepidus.
William Shakespeare. 1603. Tragedy. Moor of Venice. Othello moorish general in the venetian army. Desdemona. Iago. Micheal. Cassio. Emilia. Bianca. brabantio. Roderigo. Dodge of venice.
William shakespeare. 1599. Tragedy. The revenge of prince Hamlet is told to enact on his uncle claudius. Claudius murders his brother, father of Hamlet. Claudius. Gertrude. Polonius. Ophelia. Horatio. Laertes,. Resencratz and Guildenstern. Marcellus.
Used in epic and narrative poetry. Poems constructed from a sequence of rhyming pairs of lines in iambic pentameter. A stanza in 2-rhyming lines in iambic pentameter. 1900/
A rhyming verse staza form that consists of an interlocking three-line rhyme scheme. First used by italian poet Dante Aligheri. (AS ABA BCB CDC). Verse form consisting of tercets.
The meter common in english ballads consisting of iambic lines of 7 and accents arranged in rhymed pairs and usually printed as 4-line balla stanza.
Poetry. four iambic feet. Four feet in the line. Prosody. 1605.
Artistic, literary and intellectual movement in Europe. 18th-century. William Wordsworth. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. JohnKeats. Lord Byron. Percy bysshe shelly. William blake. Lyrical ballads. The prelude. The rime of the acient mariner. Waverly. frankenstein. Don Juan. Jane Eyre. Wuthering Heights.
15th Century. Collapse of Roman Empire. Renaissance. Religious writings. Secular works. Courtly love. Allegory. Beowulf. Decameron. The Arabian nights. The canterbury tales. King Arthur. William Dunbar. Crusades. Physchomachia. Romance of rose. Everyman. Piers plowman. Roman de fauvel. The divine comedy.
1660. All Kingdoms were restored under King charles II. English monarchy. Celebration of reaction to restored kingdom. Paradise lost. Sodom. The country wife. The pilgrims progress. Treatises of government.
Queen Anne. King George I and II. Literary epoch. Development of the novel. Satire. Empiricism. Horace. Voltaire. Oliver goldsmith. Roman forms. "Golden Age". Ened of restoration period. Alexander pope. John Dryden. John Gay. Jonathan swift. Samuel Johnson. Long verse narratives. Mock epics. The Rape of the lock.
Writer of Novels.
A person who writes plays. William Shakespeare. Christopher Marlowe. Ben Jonson. John Fletcher. Thomes kyd. Thomas Dekker. John Webster. Aphra Behn. Thomas Middleton. Caryl Churchill. John Dryden. Philip Massinger. Henry James Byron.
Writers who write essays on a notable topic. Virgina Woolf. George Orwell. Francis Bacon. John Milton. John Dryden. Daniel Defoe. George Eliot. Joseph Addison. Samuel Johnson. E.M. Foster.
A person who writes poetry. William Shakespeare. William Wordsworth. Elizabeth Barrett browning. Alfred Tennyson. Robert browning. John Keats. George Byron. John Donne. Charlotte Bronte. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. John Dryden. Milton. Marlowe. Hopkins.
A person who expresses an unfavorable opinion of something.
1700s. Writer. Printer. The novel tom jones. The tragedy of tragedies. Pamela. Joseph andres dealing with Pamela's brother. The letter writers. The Miser. Don Quixote int England.
Scottish. Poet. Author. Picaresque Novels. The adventures of Roderick Random (1748). the adventure of Peregrine Pickle (1751).
An anonymous narrative poem focusing on the climax of a particularly dramatic event and employing frequent repetition, conventional figures of speech, and sometimes a refrain, altered and transmitted orally in a musical setting.
A poem about death and the idyllic rural life. The elegy takes the pastoral elements and relates them to expressing the poet's grief of a loss.
1800s. Medieval Europe. About love. Emphasized nobility and chivalry.
A 19 line poetic form consisting of 5 tercets followed by a quatrain. 2 refrains and 2 repeating rhymes. the 1st and 3rd line of the 1st tercet repeated alternately until the last stanza, which includes both repeated lines.
Pertaining to chivalry. Chivalrous.
English Poet. Metaphysical conceit. Sonnets. Love Poems. Epigrams. Elegies. Songs and satires. ex. Elegy XIX; to his mistress going to bed. An anatomy of the world. The shortest day. Death be not proud.
English. Epic Poems. Fantastical Allegory. The Faerie Queene (Elizabeth the I). Complaints. Amoretti and epithalamion. Prothalamion.
English. Playwright. Poet. Translator. Elizabethan era. Dido, The Queen of Carthage. Tamburlaine the great. The Jew of Malta. Edward the second. The Massacre at Paris. Doctor Faustus. Hero Leander. The Passionate Shepherd.
English. Poet. Playwright. Actor. Dramatist. 1500s.
English. Poet. Polemicist. Man of Letters. Epic Poem "Paradise Lost". Blank Verse.
English. Poet. Middle Ages. The Canterbury Tales. The book of the Duches. House of Fame. Legend of Good Women. Troilus and Criseyede. Middle English. "Whan that aprill with shoures soote the froghte of march hath preced to the roote".
English. Poet. 1700s. Satire. Heroic couplet. Essay on Criticism. Rape of the Lock. Duncia and moral essays. Essay on Man. Imitations of Horace.
English. Romantic Poet. Lyrical Ballads. Magnum Opus. Tintern Abbey.
English Playwright. Poet. Literary Critic. Renaissance. 1600s. Comedy of humours. Every man is his humour. volpone, or the foxe. The Alchemist. Bartholomew Fayre.
A narrative poem created by a poetic imitation of old anonymous folk ballads. Romantic. William Wordsworth. Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Heroic-Comic works. Satires. Paraodies that mock common classical stereotypes. Augustan Period. The rape of the lock by Alexander Pope (Illiad).
A type of poetry written in the form of speech of an individuals character. Tennyson's Ulysses. Matthew Arnold's Dover Beach. Robert Browning's My Last Duchess.
Has to be praising something.
An Ode without any predetermined topic or structure, that may be written with or without rhyme. Speaker being overwhelmed by the very goodness and glory of her subject. Exclamatory. Satisfied.
Performed by singers and dancers. usually about athletes. Invocation. Prayer. Myth. Moral. Conclusion. Originated from Greek Poet Pindar.
Idea of tranquility and subtlety. 4 lines of verse.Originated from the Roman Poet Horace.
An Epic Simile (Homeric Simile)
An extended simile often running to several to several lines used typically in epic poetry to intensify the heroic stature of the subject and to serve as decoration. Illiad Odssey.
Imaginative. Exploring specific parts of an experience. John Donne's, The Flea.
Form of Love poetry where a mans love interest is referred to in Hyberbole. (Lover is a ship on a stormy sea, Mistress a cloud). Ocymoron (Peace war, burning and freezing)
A long detailed list of objects, places that is characteristic of poetry. The Faerie Queene, Paradise Lost. Aeneid. The Illiad.
Poetic meter having 12 syllables. Major stresses on the 6th syllable. an essay on criticism. Alexander Pope.
Poetic rhythm designed to imitates the rhythm of natural speech. First syllable is stressed and followed by unstressed syllables. Gerard Manley hopkins 1800.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
English. Poet. Literary Critic. Philospher. Lyrical Ballads (1798). The Watchman. Rime of Ancient Mariner.
English. Poet. Essayists. Poet. Literary Critic. Dictionary of the English Language.
Character inShakespeare Othello. Anatagonist. Iago hates Othello. Husband of Emilia, attendant to Othello's wife Desdemona.
Joseph Conrad. Psychological Novel. 1915.Through a business misadventure, the European Axel Heyst ends up living on an island in what is now Indonesia, with a Chinese assistant Wang.
A Portrait of the artist as a young man
1916. Irish writer James Joyce. Modernist style. It traces the religious and intellectual awakening of young Stephen Dedalus, a fictional alter ego of Joyce and an allusion to Daedalus. Stephen questions and rebels against the Catholic and Irish conventions under which he has grown, culminating in his self-exile from Ireland to Europe.
Tess of the d'Urbervilles
Thomas Hardy. 1891. Tess Kills families horse. Goes off to work. Is raped. Gives birth. Baby dies. Goes off to find work outside of the village. Falls in love.
1879. George Meredith. The story of Sir Willoughby Patterne and his attempts at marriage; jilted by his first bride-to-be, he vacillates between the sentimental Laetitia Dale and the strong-willed Clara Middleton. The novel follows Clara's attempts to escape from her engagement to Sir Willoughby, who desires women to serve as a mirror for him and consequently cannot understand why she would not want to marry him.
Sons and Lovers
1913. D. H. Lawrence. Paul sort of likes Miriam a farm girl. But the sex sucks and his mom disapproves. So He moves onto Clara (A feminist) instead whom he met on Miriam's farm; and who is better at sex. But ultimately leaves her as well to go back and take care of his clingy mother Getrude Coppard (Mrs. Morel) who eventually dies and Paul is left alone.
Synecdoche may use larger groups to refer to smaller groups or vice versa. For example the crown might refer to a king or queen.
A term for the attributing of human emotion and conduct to all aspects within nature. Personification that is found in poems. e.g. clouds seem sullen, when leaves dance, when dogs laugh, or when rocks seem indifferent.
The British cultural critic, John Ruskin, coined the term in his book, Modern Painters (1843-60).
Stream of Consciousness
When a character's thoughts, feelings, and reactions are depicted in a continuous flow uninterrupted by objective description or conventional dialogue.
(James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and Marcel Proust are among its notable early exponents)
A poem in a classical style on a pastoral subject. Poems in the genre are sometimes also called bucolics.
An experience of sudden and striking realization.
An artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century. (Apprehension, horror and terror, awe, beauty in nature)
1660-1798. This period tried to imitate the style of the Romans and Greeks. Neoclassical writers portrayed man as inherently flawed. They emphasized restraint, self-control, and common sense. This was a time when conservatism flourished in both politics and literature.
1900s. A modernist movement. To present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.
1880- 1930s. Used detailed realism to suggest that social conditions, heredity, and environment had inescapable force in shaping human character.
The meter common in English ballads consisting of iambic lines of 7 accents each arranged in rhymed pairs and usually printed as the 4-line ballad stanza
A poem with no rhyme but does have iambic pentameter. This means it consists of lines of five feet, each foot being iambic, meaning two syllables long, one stressed followed by an unstressed.
A four-line stanza in iambic pentameter having the rhyme scheme ABAB. Also called heroic quatrain, heroic stanza.
A stanza of seven 10-syllable lines, rhyming ABABBCC, popularized by Geoffrey Chaucer.
Rhyming pairs of verse in iambic pentameter.
About Satan's Rebellion. Characters: Satan. Adam and Eve. Mammom. Beelzbub. Belial. Moloch.
Showing deference; Respectful.
Characterized by malice; intending or intended to do harm.
Fond of games and amusement; lighthearted.
Having a mournful quality.
Characteristic of melodrama, especially in being exaggerated, sensationalized, or overemotional.
Mourns the death of the writer's friend but reveals personal concerns of the writer.
1800s. Irish. Poet. When you are old. A drinking song. A Feary song.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
English. Poet. 1800s.