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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Émile Durkheim
  2. primary groups
  3. social institutions
  4. gesellschaft
  5. reference group
  1. a the ordered social relationships that grow out of the values, norms, statuses, and roles that organize the activities that fulfill society's fundamental needs
  2. b devised ideas about mechanical and organic solidarity
  3. c interaction among members who have an emotional investment in one another and in a situation, who know one another intimately, and who interact as total individuals rather than through specialized roles
  4. d (urban society) relationships are impersonal and independent. People look out for their own interests, good are bought and sold, and formal contracts govern economic exchanges
  5. e a group or social category that an individual uses to help define beliefs, attitudes, and values and to guide behavior

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Robert K. Merton defined this as a formal, rationally organized social structure clearly defined patterns of activity in which, ideally, every series of actions is functionally related to the purposes of the organization
  2. Robert Michels' bureaucracy is this-under which organizations that were originally idealistic and democratic eventually come to be dominated by a small self-serving group of people who achieved positions of power and responsibility/small groups given responsibility of making decisions
  3. in which a leader works to keep relations among group members harmonious and moral high
  4. the relativity stable pattern of social relationships among individuals and groups in society
  5. someone who occupies a central role or position of dominance and influences in a group

5 True/False questions

  1. informal structureplanned highly institutionalized, and clearly defied statuses and role relationships

          

  2. formal structureplanned highly institutionalized, and clearly defied statuses and role relationships

          

  3. social solidaritythe relativity stable pattern of social relationships among individuals and groups in society

          

  4. social groupa number of people who have a common identity, some feeling of unity, and certain common goals and shared norms

          

  5. associationspurposefully created special-intest groups that have clearly defined goals and official ways of doing things