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60 terms

Review Test for Religion Final

STUDY
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Some scholars have questioned whether Laozi ever existed
False
Religions that worship the divine in many forms are known as polytheistic
True
Orthodox followers of a religion believe that practices must change with the times
False
Hindu philosophical systems include both dualistic and monistic viewpoints
True
The religious texts often considered to be the foundations of Sanatana Dharma are called the
Vedas
The intelligent design movement seeks scientific backing for creationism
True
Vajrayana Buddhism is
a form of Buddhism which promises a speeded-up path to enlightenment
The most popular form of yoga is Bhakti yoga
True
In indigenous religions, everything is experienced as
belief or creation, myth.
The philosophical basis of Daoism is expounded in which of the following
Dao de Jing
Contemporary Buddhists do not think that Buddhism can provide answers for social problems.
False
There have always been about as many Buddhist monks as there are nuns
False
According to the Daode jing, the Dao that can be told of is the Absolute Dao
False
The creative rhythm of the universe is called
Dao (Tao)
Humankind is understood to be currently in the first of the four yugas or ages
False
Despite their geographical diversity, indigenous religions all operate within the same social context.
False
The god Vishnu periodically appears in earthly incarnations
True
Confucius' work was
known, but not considered very significant during his lifetime
Which of the time periods below was a spiritual highpoint in many cultures and included the life of the Buddha, the Hebrew prophets, and the birth of Daoism and Confucianism?
sixth century BCE
The cycle of death and rebirth is known as
samsara
Researchers have identified many similarities in the use of symbols across different cultures.
True
the belief that the soul leaves the dead body and enters a new one is called
reincarnation
The Confucian virtue ren basically means
innate goodness
The spirits sacred to indigenous religions may be worshiped only at specially constructed temples
False
Dukkha means
suffering
State Shinto promoted the belief that the emperor was the offspring of Amaterasu
True
The term "fundamentalism" was first used in reference to Muslims form the Middle East
False
Historical-critical studies of scriptures assert that scriptures are a mixture of many elements, inkling myths, cultural influences, ethical instructions, copying mistakes, actual history, and genuine spiritual inspiration.
True
Buddhist teaching differs from Hindu teaching in that
it rejects the idea of an eternal soul
Which of these terms is that closest opposite to the term transcendent?
immanent
The deity who watches over family's activities is known as
the Kitchen God
Agnosticism is an intense, personal experience of sacred reality
False
The Supreme Beine for most indigenous peoples is a god who is a
Creator
The number of Americans who state that they are at least partly Native American is quickly decreasing
False
The quality of misfortune or impurity is known as
tsumi
Religious rituals may involve
all of the above
Buddhism accepts the HIndu caste system
False
Confucian thought was rejected in Japan
False
The Indian Supreme Court has refused to rules on what beliefs define Hinduism
False
The term anatman means
no eternal soul
Which of the following is an indigenous term for Hinduism
Sanatana Dharma
What is the name for a Hindu spiritual teacher
Guru
Samkhya and Advaita are
two major Hindu philosophical systems
Hindu tradition teaches that the Vedas are not the work of humans.
True
Dogma is
a system of doctrine proclaimed as absolutely true.
Mahatma Gandhi taught that it is wrong for Hindus to study other religions
False
There term shaman means
priest
Which of these terms its he closest to the term Monotheistic
Polytheistic
Indigenous religious practices are often interwoven with the practices of a global religion.
True
Scientific materialism asserts that
only the material world exists
Buddhism is often described as a non-theistic religion
True
It is common for aspects of Daoism and Confucianism to be blended in practice
True
In most native cultures, spiritual ways are shared
through rituals of altered consciousness
The Buddha encouraged gossip as a harmless way to analyze one's feelings towards others
False
A symbol for the unity that may indigenous cultures use is that of the
Circle
When indigenous ways were threatened with repression, many of the traditions were practiced
in secret
The Buddha appointed his disciple Ananda to be his successor
False
In many forms of Daoist practice are no longer undertaken
False
Siva is
The Destroyer/Re-creator
The belief that sacred reality is one underlying substance is known as
monism