Unit 2: North America
Terms in this set (33)
For many decades, urban development in the United States and in Canada has been moving out from the cities into
a developed area at the edge of a city that is mainly homes. Many suburbs also have stores and businesses.
the rapid, often poorly planned spread of development from an urban area outward into rural area
a major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it
the older part of a big city. Often the urban core serves as the downtown or central business district of a city
the ring of small towns and suburbs that surround a big city
the small towns, farms, and open spaces that lie just beyond a city's suburbs
For Urban growth
-believe that suburbs are better places than cities to raise a family
- the best way to meet the need for new housing is to develop empty land outside a city. In general, land in rural areas is less expensive than city land. Building costs, too, are lower in the country than in the city
-create jobs for construction workers
-they spend money for furniture, garden supplies, and other things. All of this spending is good for local stores. In addition, new homeowners pay taxes, which help fund roads, schools, and other city services.
Against urban growth
-that habitat is lost and with it the wildlife that lived there.
-When housing is spread out, people rely on cars for transportation, and this creates traffic jams as well as air pollution. Urban sprawl can also be detrimental to people living in small towns. They often see their taxes rise when nearby land is developed. The extra tax money is needed to pay for roads, schools, and other services required when a small town suddenly grows.
the using up of goods and services. This term is also used to describe the purchase and use of goods and services by consumers
a wealthy country with an advanced economy. Developed countries have many industries and provide a comfortable way of life for most of their people.
a poorer country with a less advanced economy. In general, developing countries are trying to increase their industries and improve life for their people.
Consumption Depends on Levels of ______
People in developed countries _____
live well compared to most of the world. Most people in developed countries live in urban areas and work in factories or offices. Their governments provide them with many benefits. These benefits include public schools, fire protection, and safe drinking water. Most workers in developed countries earn good wages. They can afford to consume a lot of goods and services
- have access to advanced technologies
these are countries that are still building their economies by improving agriculture, developing industries, and increasing trade. This group includes most of the countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Most of these countries have too few industries to provide good jobs for their people, and many also lack a strong and stable government.
people in developing countries _____
People in developing countries are more likely to live in rural areas and work on farms. Their governments provide them with only limited benefits. They may not have access to good schools or safe drinking water. Most of these people earn low wages. As a result, their consumption may be quite limited, their homes modest, and their possessions few.
There are many ways to measure a country's level of development.
One method of evaluation is to look at how many years of schooling people in the country have. Another gauge of development is to look at average longevity, or how long its people live.
The most common measure of development is based on a country's gross domestic product,
length of a person's life
gross domestic product
the total value of goods and services produced in a country in a year
Food, clothing, and cars are all goods. Services are tasks done by some people for other people. Teaching is a service. So is repairing a car or a computer.
or for each person. A per capita figure is calculated by dividing the total amount of something by the number of people in a place
Per capita GDP is calculated by _____
dividing a country's total GDP by its population. The result, the average production for one person, serves as a rough measure of how rich or poor a country is
why world hunger?
There is enough food on the planet to feed everyone, but it is not distributed evenly. Much of the food stays in the developed world.
On average, adults need about ____calories per day to live healthy lives.
The average person in many developed countries consumes an average of about _____ calories a day
In some of the poorer countries, average consumption per person is about ____ calories a day.
____ leads to hunger
- but many of them export their crops to other countries.
The United States leads the world in oil consumption
As poor countries develop their economies, more of their people can afford luxuries like cars. Oil consumption is rising in many developing countries as a result
the difference in opportunities available to people who have access to computers and the Internet and those who do not
The GDP of the United States is greater than ____
China and India combined
the greatest source of wealth for any country is _____
Several factors contribute to this high GDP (of US)
include abundant natural resources and advanced technologies and its people
reasons in US for productivity
-(an Educated Workforce)All of this schooling helps to make American workers among the most productive in the world. Worker productivity is measured by the value of the work done per hour.
- Another factor is the American work ethic, which is the belief in the moral value, or goodness, of hard work. Americans believe that hard work produces success.
-They also take less time off for vacation.