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Unit 7 US history
Terms in this set (61)
Included Great Britain, France, Russia, later joined by the US
Included Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Ottoman Empire
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
young heir whose assassination triggered the war
No Man's Land
space between armies fighting each other
fighting between fortified ditches
British passenger ship attacked and sunk by Germans
message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico
Name two causes of World War I.
Imperialism, countries tried to increase the power and influence around the world. Next was Militarism which meant building up armies, navies, and other armed forces. It also meant using them as a tool for negotiation with other countries
Why did the assassination lead to fighting?
Alliance system pulled one nation after another into the conflict
Why did the fighting take place in France?
Germany thought they could overrun France, and then attack Russia but France stopped them
What were three things that influenced Americans' feelings about the war?
Socialists saw the war as an imperialist struggle between German and English businessmen. Pacifists believed all wars were bad. Immigrants sympathized with their homelands. Most sympathized with Great Britain and France, strong economic ties.
In what ways did the war affect American citizens?
Some were killed on the Lusitania...
What are the three incidents that led the United States to declare war?
Germany announced it would sink all ships in British waters, British agents intercept the Zimmermann note, Replacement of Russian monarchy with a representative government allowed Americans to characterize the war as a struggle of democracies against brutal monarchies.
Selective Service Act
law requiring men to register for military service
having merchant ships travel in groups protected by warships
American Expeditionary Force
the name given to the American military force that fought in World War I
How did the United States build up its armed forces?
Congress passed the Selective Service Act, and drafted three million men
How did the United States help the Allies/
by setting up the convoy system
Name two new weapons used in the war..
tank and airplane
What hardships did soldiers face in World War I?
soldiers were faced with filth, trench foot, trench mouth, "shell shock", vermin, poison gas, and disease
How did American troops help end the war?
Stopped the German advance on Paris and assisted the Allies
Which nation suffered the most casualties?
War Industries Board
agency to improve efficiency in war-related industries
a kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
Espionage and Sedition Acts
laws that enacted harsh penalties against anyone opposing US participation in World War I. fined up to $10,000 and get sentenced up to 20 years
movement of many African Americans to north cities from the South in the early 1900s
How did Wilson control the economy?
by creating the War Industries board, to boost industrial production
How did the United States government pay for the war?
increased several taxes and sold war bonds
How did the Espionage and Sedition Acts contradict the first amendment?
by violating the the freedom of speech
How did women's roles change during the war?
they started doing jobs that were previously only done by men
Wilson's plan for world peace following World War I
League of nations
an international peace-keeping organization proposed by Wilson and founded in 1920
French premier (helped with the fourteen points)
David Lloyd George
British prime minister (helped with fourteen points)
Treaty of Versailles
the 1919 treaty that ended World War I
payments made by defeated countries after a war
part of the Treaty of Versailles in which Germany took responsibility for the war
Henry Cabot Lodge
conservative senator who wanted to keep the United States out of the League of Nations
What did Wilson's first five points address?
ways that wars could be avoided
What did Wilson's remaining eight points address?
suggested new national boundaries
Name the three weaknesses of the Treaty of Versailles.
harsh treatment of Germany, Soviet Union lost more territory than Germany did, and did not recognize the claims of colonies for self-determination
What were the long-term results of the war?
Strengthened US military power and the power of governments, propaganda campaign left behind mistrust and fear, and left Europe war torn
established by Wilson to produce and conserve food supplies
countries tried to increase the power and influence around the world
used military as a tool for negotiating with other countries
a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
german plan to win the war
enabled people to buy goods over an extended period, without having to put down money at the time of purchase , businesses feared it would be a sign of fundamental weakness
Believed that the workers should take over the gov. and rule for the benefit of the people. Karl Marx is the founder
Elements of communism?
- All wealth is shared equally
-No social distinctions (rich, poor, etc)
The Red Scare
fear of communist takeover of US
The Palmer Raids
Edgar Hoover hunts down communists, socialists
Direct election of senators
prohibition of alcohol beverages
gave woman the right to vote
action of searching out and publicizing scandalous info about famous people in an underhanded way
political reform consisted of what
referendum, initiative, and recall
what territories did the US gain after the Spanish American war
Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, and Cuba
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