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elastic rebound hypothesis
the explanation stating that when rocks are deformed, they break, releasing the stored energy that results in the vibrations of an earthquake
earthquake wave that pushes and pulls rocks in the direction of the wave; also known as a compression wave
a phenomenon, sometimes associated with earthquakes, in which soils and other unconsolidated materials saturated with water are turned into a liquid that is not able to support buildings
an area along a fault where there has not been any earthquake activity for a long period of time
a weak plastic layer of the mantle situated below the lithosphere; The rock within this zone is easily deformed
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