5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- oral hypoglycemics
- nonbenzodiazepine, nonbarbiturate CNS depressants
- mood stabilizers
- a anticholinergic effects. tachycardia, tendency to cause urinary retention in men with prostate disorders, drowsiness, blurred vision, dry mouth, dry mucous membranes, urinary hesitancy, decreased sweating, orthostatic hypotension, sedation, constipation
- b fatal bone marrow toxicity at high doses. hemorrhage and bruising due to low platelet counts are often observed. Nausea, vomiting, and anorexia are common.
- c rashes and photosensitivity are possible. mild, GI-related effects such as nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite
- d daytime sedation, confusion, amnesia, dizziness, depression, nausea, vomiting, headache, drowsiness, sweating, palpitations, shaking, rebound insomnia when discontinued
- e excessive sweating or dehydration can cause lithium toxicity. dizziness, fatigue, short-term memory loss, increased urination, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dry mouth, muscular weakness, and slight tremors
5 Multiple choice questions
- major dose-limiting adverse effect is bone marrow suppression. adverse effects are similar to those of the alkylating agents
- no serious adverse effects. Mild GI upset, diarrhea, and abdominal pain are most common.
- depress CNS function, drowsiness, withdrawal syndrome is extremely severe and can be fatal. overdose results in profound respiratory depression, hypotension, and shock. at high doses some can produce anesthesia
- orthostatic hypotenstion, headache, insomnia, diarrhea. avoid foods containing tyramine and caffeine
- GI disturbances. constipation, bloating, nausea, indigestion. self-medication with niacin can cause gout and liver damage from high doses. it will not lower cholesterol at low doses. take 1 hour before or 4 hours after other meds. dissolving it in water and keeping fluid intake high helps to avoid irritation of the mouth and constipation
5 True/False questions
thrombolytics → like anticoagulants, bleeding is major adverse effect.
biologic response modifiers → drowsiness, sedation, amnesia, weakness, disorientation, ataxia, sleep disturbance, BP changes, blurred vision, double vision, nausea, and vomiting.
antifungal drugs → BLEEDING.
H1 receptor blockers (antihistamines) → major dose-limiting adverse effect is bone marrow suppression. adverse effects are similar to those of the alkylating agents
anticoagulants → BLEEDING.