5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Sodium Channel Blockers
- adrenergic blockers
- Calcium Channel Blockers
- a headache, dizziness, and flushing. reflex tachycardia, rebound hypotension if suddenly stopped.
- b no serious adverse effects. Mild GI upset, diarrhea, and abdominal pain are most common.
- c have potential to cause new dysrhythmias or worsen existing ones. hypotension, dizziness, fainting, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention can occur, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and headache.
- d syncope, urinary hestiancy in those with bph, dizziness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, blurred vision, tinnitus, epistaxis, edema, possible nasal congestion
- e respiratory depression, sedation, nausea, vomiting, dysphoria, hallucinations, constipation, dizziness, itching
5 Multiple choice questions
- excessive sweating or dehydration can cause lithium toxicity. dizziness, fatigue, short-term memory loss, increased urination, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dry mouth, muscular weakness, and slight tremors
- flulike syndrome of fever, chills, dizziness, and fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia. depression and suicidal ideation have been reported. with prolonged therapy, immunosuppression, serious toxicity such as hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity may be observed
- bone marrow suppression is primary dose-limiting adverse effect. red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets begin to decline quickly. nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. alopecia is expected
- most serious, limiting adverse effect is rebound congestion when used for longer than 3-5 days. minor stinging nad dryness in nasal mucosa. HTN and CNS stimulation that may lead to insomnia or anxiety
- ototoxicity is possible and may become permanent with continued use. Ringing in the ears, dizziness, and persistent headaches are early signs. monitor for nephrotoxicity
5 True/False questions
atypical antidepressants → generally similar to SSRIs and SNRIs. headache, insomnia, nervousness, dry mouth, dizziness, weight loss, sexual dysfunction, chills, confusion, anxiety, restlessness, HTN, termors, sweating, fever, blurred vision, constipation, and muscle incoordination
anticoagulants → BLEEDING.
SSRis and SNRIs → most serious is hypoglycemia: (s/s: tachycardia, confusion, sweating, and drowsiness)
sulfonamides → nausea and vomiting most frequent. More serious are formation of crystals in urine, allergic reactions, nausea, and vomiting. not common, but potentially fatal blood abnormalities can occur.
barbiturates → dehydration is one of most common. electrolyte imbalances most common. hypokalemia (loss of Potassium) or hyperkalemia (high levels of potassium; occurs when taking potassium supplements with potassium-sparing diuretics)