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British dominion over India (1757-1947)

Desmond Tutu

South African prelate and leader of the antiapartheid struggle (born in 1931)

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Indian statesman who was the founder of Pakistan as a Muslim state (1876-1948)

Indian national Congress

A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor. (p. 663)

Pan Africanism

emphasized the unity of Africans and people of African descent around the world


a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent

Civil Disobedience

a group's refusal to obey a law because they believe the law is immoral (as in protest against discrimination)

Passive Resistance

peaceful resistance to a government by fasting or refusing to cooperate


indian soldiers


Royal governors sent by Spain to rule in the King's name.

Economic exploitation

the act of using another person's labor without offering them an adequate compensation

United Nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security


the ability of a government to determine their own course of their own free will


the commission that is given to a government and its policies through an electoral victory


a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites

Yom kippur War

Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 (on Yom Kippur)

Moltandas Gandhi


Jomo kenyatta

A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans; later became the first Prime Minister of Kenya

Nelson Mandela

South African statesman who was released from prison to become the nation's first democratically elected president in 1994 (born in 1918)

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indian statesman and leader with Gandhi in the struggle for home rule

Golda Meir

Israeli statesman (born in Russia) (1898-1978)

Gamal Abdul Nasser

dictator in Egypt who wants US to help build Aswan Dam while he's also buying weapons from Soviets; nationalizes Suez Canal

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