32 terms

drug abuse

substance that alters the structure or function of a living organism
psychoactive drug
acts promarily on the brain, changes behavior, emotion, perceptions and or consciousness
Monitoring the Future study (MTF)
assessment of substance abuse, survey, shows trends
Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN)
assessment of substance abuse, tracks trends in major cities based on ER and morgue
psychoactive drugs categories
stimulants, hallucinogens, marijuana, depressants, opiates, psychotherapuetics, nicotine
stimulant, the speed at wihich the cocaine delivery system gets it to your blood = how addictive
LSD, mushrooms, ecstasy, PCP
Marijuana, medical uses...
glaucoma, asthma, chemo
alcohol, barbiturate, sedatives, inhalants
-men more likely to be dependant
-clinicians should screen often
-usually comes with something (smoking, depression, other drugs, anxiety, etc)
opiates (narcotics)
heroin, most commonly abused perscriptions are opiates (oxycodone, oxycontin, valium), cold medicine
prozac, haldal, lithium
drugs that affect dopamine
cocaine, amphetamine
drugs that affect serotonin
LSD, psilocybin
Drugs that affect GABA
alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiaapines
drugs that affect ehdorphins
heroin, oxycodone
comprehensive drug act 1970
prevention, treatment, harsher punishments for dealing/using
drug schedule
whether or not a drug can be used in medicine (S1-heroin-no, S2-morphine-some use, S3-barbiturate-can prescribe with limits...S5=OTC )
moral defect model of addiction
person has personal weakness, is sinnful, not a disease
psychological model
addictive personality
medical model
physiological/psychological addiction
biopsychosocial model
acknowledges the biological components but doesn't think addiction is a disease, has social factors
formal diagnosis uses
diagnostic and statistial manual of mental disorders DSM IV-TR
substance induced disorder
substance use disorder
Abuse criteria
continued used despite (1 or more):
-fail to fulfil life roles ie, work
-high risk taking
-legal problems
-social problems
Dependence criteria
at least three:
-use more, more often than intended
-presistant desire
-a lot of time devoted to drug
-use despite knowledge of problems
-give up activities
-marked tolerance
adolescent risk factors
gateway drug use, low SES, abuse history, culture/racial group, depression, alcohol/smoking, friends that do, no goals
adolescent protective factors
-positive home environment
-positive educational experience
-conventional peers
-positive attitude/beliefs
cut down
eye opener
depends on substance abused, usually drugs (withdrawal relief) and/or psychosocial
three phamocotherapy approaches
adjunct (treat co-occuring disprder), detox (withdrawal relief), maintenance (antagonist, agonist, punishment )