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acts promarily on the brain, changes behavior, emotion, perceptions and or consciousness
Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN)
assessment of substance abuse, tracks trends in major cities based on ER and morgue
psychoactive drugs categories
stimulants, hallucinogens, marijuana, depressants, opiates, psychotherapuetics, nicotine
stimulant, the speed at wihich the cocaine delivery system gets it to your blood = how addictive
-men more likely to be dependant
-clinicians should screen often
-usually comes with something (smoking, depression, other drugs, anxiety, etc)
heroin, most commonly abused perscriptions are opiates (oxycodone, oxycontin, valium), cold medicine
whether or not a drug can be used in medicine (S1-heroin-no, S2-morphine-some use, S3-barbiturate-can prescribe with limits...S5=OTC )
acknowledges the biological components but doesn't think addiction is a disease, has social factors
continued used despite (1 or more):
-fail to fulfil life roles ie, work
-high risk taking
at least three:
-use more, more often than intended
-a lot of time devoted to drug
-use despite knowledge of problems
-give up activities
adolescent risk factors
gateway drug use, low SES, abuse history, culture/racial group, depression, alcohol/smoking, friends that do, no goals
adolescent protective factors
-positive home environment
-positive educational experience
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