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27 terms

Chapter 28 Gastrointestinal disorders

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anasarca
severe generalized edema
anthelminitics
medicines that fight against worms
colitis
inflammation of the colon
colonscopy
provides visualization of the entire colon to the ileocecal valve
currant jelly stools
movements of blood and mucus that contain no feces
encopresis
constipation with fecal soiling
endoscopy
allows direct visualization of the GI tract through a flexible lighted tube
enterocolitis
inflammation of the small bowel and colon
guarding
there is a tightening of the abdominal muscles or rigidity of the abdomen on palpation
herniorrhaphy
surgical procedure to repair a hernia
homeostasis
a uniform state (state of balance)
hypertonic
the client has lost more fluids than electrolytes
hypotonic
the child has lost more electrolytes than water
incarcerated hernia
when a hernia can not be put back into place by gentile pressure
isotonic
the patient has lost equal amounts of fluids and electrolytes
McBurney's point
characteristic tenderness in the right lower quadrant
parenteral fluids
fluids given by some route other than the digestive tract
peritoneal dialysis
passing of a solute through a membrane
pica
craving for nonfood items
plumbism
lead poisoning
polyhydramnios
accumulation of fluid in the amniotic sac
projectile vomiting
when vomit is forcefully ejected a considerable distance from the mouth
pruritus
itching
rebound tenderness
pressing the RLQ with rapid release of pressure causes severe pain
reflux
happens when the lower esophageal sphincter is relaxed or not competent, which allows stomach contents to be easily regurgitated into the esophagus
sigmoidoscopy
inspection of the lower colon
stenosis
narrowing