Terms in this set (51)

• John Locke was a philosopher of the Enlightenment; he wrote of natural rights - life, liberty and property - and he wrote of the social contract that the people have an agreement or contract with government and will obey government as long as government respects the natural rights of the people
• The principles of government that Thomas Jefferson included in the Declaration of Independence were most influenced by John Locke's social contract theory
• Jefferson wrote that government has a responsibility to protect the natural rights of the people and that if it fails to protect the natural rights of the people, the people may rebel
• The Declaration of Independence justifies rebellion - for it states that government is based on consent of the governed or that the people give government its power and if government becomes destructive of the natural rights of men or consent of the governed, it is the right of the people to abolish that government
• "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness."