demeter (ceres)
godess of grain and agriculture. zeus' sister
ares (mars)
the god of war. son of zeus
hestia (vesta)
goddess of the hearth. sister of zeus
athena (minerva)
goddess of wisdom and welfare. born from the head of her father, zeus
zeus (jupiter)
king of the gods
hera (juno)
goddess of marriage
poseidon (neptune)
lord of the sea. trident. brother of zeus.
hephaistos (vulcan)
god of fire and metalworking. zeus son
god of light and music. son of zeus
artemis (diana)
goddess of the hunt and wild animals. sister of apollo
aphrodite (venus)
goddess of love and beauty. daughter of zeus
hermes (mercury)
the son of zeus. messenger of the gods
hades (pluto)
god of the dead. brother of zeus
dionysos (bacchus)
god of wine. son of zeus
eros (cupid)
god of love. son of aphrodite
it has been said that the Greeks made their gods into
humans and their humans into gods
Geometric krater
dipylon cemetry. Athens Greece. 740 BCE. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. a bowl for mixing wine and water
a technique in which pigment is mixed with hot wax and applied to the statue.
doric order
severely plain. sturdy and firm
ionic order
highly ornamental. has a base. light and slender
600 BCE. Marble Metropolitian Museum of Art, New York
Anavysos, Greece 530 BCE. Marble. National Archaeolgoical Museum, Athens. from this point on Greek statues always smile. face is more rounded. anatomy is more naturalistic.
Kritios Boy
480 BCE. from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece. Marble. Acropolis Museum, Athens. first statue to show how a person really stands. Does not smile
the temple of Athena Parthenos on the Acropolis at Athens, completed 438 BC by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple.
Statue that is recognized because of its embodiment of human beauty b/c of ordered proportions, fine muscle tone and rugged features. 440-450 BCE
sacred to Poseidon Erechteus - purely Ionic (ornate, slneder, graceful);
Theater of Epidauros
Polykleitos The Younger. Greek theaters were always situated on hillsides, which suppored the cavea of stone seats overlooking the circular orchestra. The finest theater in Greece. held 12,000
Nike of Samothrace
It is a Hellenistic sculpture: the symbol of winged victory 190 BCE Marble
Cerveteri Sarcophagus
made of terracotta. 520 BCE. from Cerveteri, Italy. Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome
Capitoline Wolf
Bronze portrayal of a she-wolf. used as the symbol of Rome. 500-480 BCE. Musei Capitolini, Rome