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24 terms

social work i keep messing up

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Psychoanalytic theory
Not a single coherent theory but a variety of hypotheses that postulated that delinquent behavior results when the restraining forces in the superego (one's conscience and self-ideal) and the ego (mediator among the superego, the id, and reality) are too weak to curb the instinctual, antisocial pressures from the id (source of psychic energy).
Anomie theory
A theory that views criminal behavior as resulting when an individual is prevented from achieving high-status goals in a society
(OSHA)
Created in the Department of Labor to establish health standards for industry
Psychodynamic problem-solving theory
Views deviant behavior as contrived by the personality as a way of dealing with some adjustment problem; situational factors are generally deemphasized
White-collar crime
Work-related offenses committed by people of high status
Mental deficiency theory
Asserts that criminal behavior results from "feeblemindedness," which was alleged to impair the capacity to acquire morality and self-control or to appreciate the meaning of laws; waned in popularity in the 1930s
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Created in the Department of Health and Human Services to research occupational hazards
human services
those systems of services, occupations and professions that concentrate on improving or maintaining the physical and mental health and general well being of individuals, or communities in our societies
includes: consumer info
counseling
education
corrections
social welfare as an institution
nation's system of programs, benefits, and services that help society meet their needs. economic, education, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society
Pedophilia
A sexual disorder characterized by recurrent sexual fantasies and urges or behaviors involving sexual activity with children
Fixated child molester
A type of child molester whose primary sexual object choice is children
Advocate
A worker who seeks to empower a client or a citizens' group through securing a beneficial change in one or more institutional policies
Broker
A social work role that links individuals and groups who need help with community services
Facilitator
A role in which the worker may take on activities of a counselor, teacher, caregiver, and changer of specific behavior
coordinator
A worker who brings components together in some kind of organized manner
Activist
A worker who seeks institutional change; often the objective involves a shift in power and resources to a disadvantaged group
Advocate
A worker who seeks to empower a client or a citizens' group through securing a beneficial change in one or more institutional policies
Educator
A worker who gives information to clients and teaches them adaptive skills
Empowerer
A worker who helps individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities increase their personal, interpersonal, socioeconomic, and political strength and influence through improving their circumstances
Enabler
A worker who helps individuals or groups to articulate their needs, clarify and identify their problems, explore resolution strategies, select and apply a strategy, and develop their capacities to deal with their own problems more effectively
Group facilitator
A worker who serves as a leader for group activity
Initiator
A worker who calls attention to a problem or to a potential problem
Negotiator
A worker who brings together those who are in conflict over one or more issues and seeks to achieve bargaining and compromise to arrive at mutually acceptable agreements
Researcher
A worker who studies the literature on topics of interest, evaluates the outcomes of one's practice, assesses the merits and shortcomings of programs, and studies community needs