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Psychoanalytic theory

Not a single coherent theory but a variety of hypotheses that postulated that delinquent behavior results when the restraining forces in the superego (one's conscience and self-ideal) and the ego (mediator among the superego, the id, and reality) are too weak to curb the instinctual, antisocial pressures from the id (source of psychic energy).

Anomie theory

A theory that views criminal behavior as resulting when an individual is prevented from achieving high-status goals in a society


Created in the Department of Labor to establish health standards for industry

Psychodynamic problem-solving theory

Views deviant behavior as contrived by the personality as a way of dealing with some adjustment problem; situational factors are generally deemphasized

White-collar crime

Work-related offenses committed by people of high status

Mental deficiency theory

Asserts that criminal behavior results from "feeblemindedness," which was alleged to impair the capacity to acquire morality and self-control or to appreciate the meaning of laws; waned in popularity in the 1930s

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

Created in the Department of Health and Human Services to research occupational hazards

human services

those systems of services, occupations and professions that concentrate on improving or maintaining the physical and mental health and general well being of individuals, or communities in our societies
includes: consumer info

social welfare as an institution

nation's system of programs, benefits, and services that help society meet their needs. economic, education, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society


A sexual disorder characterized by recurrent sexual fantasies and urges or behaviors involving sexual activity with children

Fixated child molester

A type of child molester whose primary sexual object choice is children


A worker who seeks to empower a client or a citizens' group through securing a beneficial change in one or more institutional policies


A social work role that links individuals and groups who need help with community services


A role in which the worker may take on activities of a counselor, teacher, caregiver, and changer of specific behavior


A worker who brings components together in some kind of organized manner


A worker who seeks institutional change; often the objective involves a shift in power and resources to a disadvantaged group


A worker who seeks to empower a client or a citizens' group through securing a beneficial change in one or more institutional policies


A worker who gives information to clients and teaches them adaptive skills


A worker who helps individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities increase their personal, interpersonal, socioeconomic, and political strength and influence through improving their circumstances


A worker who helps individuals or groups to articulate their needs, clarify and identify their problems, explore resolution strategies, select and apply a strategy, and develop their capacities to deal with their own problems more effectively

Group facilitator

A worker who serves as a leader for group activity


A worker who calls attention to a problem or to a potential problem


A worker who brings together those who are in conflict over one or more issues and seeks to achieve bargaining and compromise to arrive at mutually acceptable agreements


A worker who studies the literature on topics of interest, evaluates the outcomes of one's practice, assesses the merits and shortcomings of programs, and studies community needs

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