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is the condition that exists when social regulations (norms) in a society break down
one form of deviance, specifically behavior that violates criminal laws
the study of crime from a scientific perspective
behavior that is recognized as violating expected rules and norms
Labeling theory
a theory that interprets the responses o other as most significant in understanding deviant behavior
Structural strain theory
a theory that interprets deviance as originating in the tensions that exist in society between cultural goals and the means people have to achieve those goals
Differential association theory
theory that interprets deviance as behavior one learns through interaction with others
Caste system
a system of stratification (characterized by low social mobility) in which one's place in the stratification system is determined by birth
the monetary value of everything one actually owns
the amount of money brought into a household from various sources during a year
Educational attainment
the total years of formal education
Estate system
a system of stratification in which the ownership of property and the exercise of power is monopolized by and elite or noble class that has total control over social resources