Create an account
a theory that interprets the responses o other as most significant in understanding deviant behavior
Structural strain theory
a theory that interprets deviance as originating in the tensions that exist in society between cultural goals and the means people have to achieve those goals
Differential association theory
theory that interprets deviance as behavior one learns through interaction with others
a system of stratification (characterized by low social mobility) in which one's place in the stratification system is determined by birth
a system of stratification in which the ownership of property and the exercise of power is monopolized by and elite or noble class that has total control over social resources
Net financial assets
cash and bank accounts plus securities and investment accounts that can be readily converted into cash. Excluded are illiquid physical assets such as real estate, automobiles, art, jewelry, furniture, collectibles, etc., which are included in calculations of Net Worth.
the social structure hierarchical position groups hold relative to the economic, social, political and cultural resources of society
a relatively fixed hierarchical arrangement in society by which groups have different access to resources, power and perceived social worth; a system of structured social inequality
Socioeconomic status (SES)
a measure of class standing, typically indicated by income, occupational prestige and educational attainment
a method for opening opportunities to women and minorities that specifically redressed past discrimination by taking positive measures to recruit and hire previously disadvantaged groups.
ignoring legitimate racial, ethnic and cultural differences between groups, thus denying the reality of such differences
overt negative and unequal treatment of the members of some social group or stratum solely because of their membership in that group or stratum
a social category of people who share a common culture, such as a common language or dialect, religion of norms, practices and customs
racism involving notions of racial or ethnic inferiority that have become ingrained into society's institutions
the negative evaluation of a social group and individuals within that group, based upon conceptions about that social group that are held despite facts that contradict it
a social category, or social construction that we treat as distinct on the basis of certain characteristics, some biological, that have been assigned social importance in the society
the perception and treatment of a racial or ethnic group, or member of a group as intellectually, socially, and culturally inferior to one's own group
the spatial separation of racial and ethnic groups in different residential areas
an oversimplified set of beliefs about the members of a social group or social stratum that is used to categorize individuals of that group
the process by which men and women learn the expectations associated with their sex
a pattern in which different groups of workers are separated into different occupations
Self- fulfilling prophecy
the process by which merely applying label changes behavior and thus tends to justify the label
Standardized ability test
tests given to large populations and scored with respect to population averages
Stereotype threat effect
the effect of a negative stereotype about one's self upon one's own test performance
Teacher expectancy test
the effect of the teacher's expectations on the student's actual performance, independent of the student's ability
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together