Chapters 5, 6, 7
Terms in this set (73)
A group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and holding public office
In American politics-Democrat and Republican
Congressional election that occurs between presidential election years
Party in Power
In American politics-the party who controls the executive branch of government (President at federal level/Governor at state level)
One of the political parties not widely supported
A political system dominated by two major parties
In an election, the number of votes that the leading candidate obtains over the next highest candidate
Supported by two parties
A society which consists of several distinct cultures and groups
General agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; broad agreement on public questions
System in which several major and many lesser parties exist, seriously compete for, and actually win public offices
A temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority so to control a government
A political system in which only one party exists
The current officeholder
A conflicting group
All of the people entitled to vote in a given election
Parties based on a particular set of beliefs, a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters
Parties that concentrate on only one public policy matter
Parties that have split away from one of the major parties
The smallest unit of election administration, a voting district
Voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election
A procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting
Special tax, demanded by states, as a condition of voting
One's own influence or effectiveness on politics
The process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
Measurable differences between the partisan choices of men and women today
The practice of voting for candidates of only one party in an election
A term used to describe people who have no party affiliation
The process of candidate selection in an electoral system
The regularly scheduled election at which voters make a final selection of officeholders
As a nominating device, a group of like-minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election
An election held within a party to pick that party's candidate for the general election
A party nominating election in which only declared party members can vote
A party-nominating election in which any qualified voter can take part
A voting process in which voters receive a long ballot containing the names of all contenders, regardless of party, and can vote however they choose
Elections in which candidates are not identified by party labels
The effect of a strong candidate running for an office at the top of a ballot helping to attract voters to other candidates on the party's ticket
The place where the voters who live in a certain precinct go to vote
The device voters use to register a choice in an election
Those events and issues that concern the people at large. Examples: Politics, public issues, and the making of public policies
A technique of persuasion aimed at influencing individual or group behaviors to create a particular belief, regardless of its validity
All of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the many areas of human affairs in which it is involved.
Provisions made for those unable to get to their regular polling places on election day
A primary in which the top two vote-getters in the first direct primary face one another
Loyalty of people to a political party
What are the only two parties that have been in power since 1853?
Democrats and Republicans
What are the current national voter qualifications?
Must be 18 years old
Must be a U.S. citizen
Cannot be a convicted felon
Cannot be mentally ill
Must be registered
Made it legal for African Americans to vote (1870)
Guaranteed women the right to vote
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Strengthened the 15th Amendment
Restricted state's abilities to hold biased elections
Characteristics of a non-voter
younger than 35, unmarried, unskilled, most live in the rural south, men are more likely to be non-voters, feel like their votes don't matter, religious reasons
Characteristics of a republican
Higher income, higher education, more men, older voters, North Protestants, smaller cities/rural areas
Characteristics of an Independent
-Value education, and family ideals
-Like natural resources
-Don't want to publicly state their party
-Support issues on each side, depends on the election and who is running
-Less concerned, less active in politics, less informed
-Above average education, income, and job status
What sociological and psychological factors influence a person's voting?
sociological: income/occupation, education, gender/age,religion/ethnic background, geography, family/other groups
Psychological: (perception of politics) Party identification, candidates and issues
Positive and negative aspects of caucuses and primaries
Caucuses take time while primaries are short and to the point. Primaries are not as informative.
When is a federal election held?
The first Tuesday after the first Monday in November
Explain the steps to being nominated
Announcement, Campaign, Caucus/Primary, National Convention
Who is elected on off-season elections?
congress/ house of representative members?
Who controls elections?
What are reasons people do not vote?
convinced it makes no difference in who wins, satisfied with the political world and think it will continue no matter who wins, distrust politics and politicians, think government has been taken over by politicians, resident aliens, ill/mental condition, traveling, religious beliefs
Compare and contrast closed and open primary systems.
Open primaries- You do not need to claim a party
Closed primaries- You need to claim a party
What are the 5 ways a person can be nominated for office?
What are reasons people vote?
Want a say in who represents them (President, Governor, Representative), help decide laws,
Characteristics of a democrat
Catholic/Jewish, Non White, lower class, female, live in urban areas, below the age of 30, lower education, labor union members, NE U.S.
Characteristics of a voter
Higher income individuals, 18 years of age, more educated individuals, high sense of political efficacy, women more likely to vote than men.
Indian Citizenship Act
Made Native Americans legal citizens of the United States, which also allowed them to vote
What is a literacy test and what was its function?
A literacy test was a set of questions that was used to ensure that only qualified individuals could vote. It was also used to discourage certain groups from voting.
Allowed citizens from DC to vote (1961)
Why are minor parties important and not important in American Politics?
Important-they take away votes from major party candidates; Not important-they usually don't get elected to presidency
What is the difference between a multiparty system, two party system, and a one-party system?
Multiparty-More than two parties; Two party-Two parties; One-party-One party
Government action based on firm allegiance to a political party
Why does the United States have a two-party political system?
historical basis, force of tradition, electoral system that promotes dominance by 2 parties, ideological consensus, American society and politics don't permit more than 2
What are the 5 functions of a political party?
nominate candidates, inform and activate supporters, the bonding agent function (ensure good behavior and actions of candidates), governing, and acting as a watchdog (criticizes party in power)
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