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55 terms

Exam 4

• The effects of activating the complement system include which of the following:
all of the above
• The lymphatic system does which of the following:
all of the above
• Each of the following arteries carries blood to the heart, except the
common carotid artery
• Regarding fetal circulation, the small vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending thoracic aorta is called the:
ductus arteriosus
• The cells responsible for cellular immunity are the _____ cells.
cytotoxic T
• The vessel that receives blood from the head, neck, chest, shoulders, and arms is the
superior vena cava
• The cells known as lymphocytes
produce proteins called antibodies.
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) invades and kills ____ cells first.
helper T cells
• Which of the following vessels carries blood from the lungs to the heart?
pulmonary vein
• The thoracic duct drains lymph from all of the following regions, except the
upper lobe of the right lung
• The type of immunity produced by vaccination would be
active artificial immunity
• The antibody associated with allergic reaction is:
A vein that returns blood from the head is the:
• Most of the lymph returns to the venous circulation by way of the
thoracic duct
• Immunity that is genetically determined and present at birth is called _____ immunity
• Immunity that results from antibodies that pass the placenta from mother to fetus is called _____ immunity.
natural passive
• Which of the following is a stretching of the artery walls?
• The primary function of the lymphatic system is
the production, maintenance, and distribution of lymphocytes
• Which of the following statements is true concerning the movement of fluid between capillaries and interstitial space?
all of the above
• The amount of antibodies in a person's blood in response to exposure to a pathogen is called:
• Stem cells that will form B cells and NK cells are found in the
bone marrow
• Both the tunica media and the tunica adventitia are absent in:
• The following is a list of the vessels that blood passes through from the heart and back to the heart.
• 1. venules
• 2. arterioles
• 3. capillaries
• 4. large elastic arteries
• 5. medium veins
• 6. large veins
• 7. muscular arteries

• The correct order in which blood passes through these structures from leaving the heart until its return is:
4, 7, 2, 3, 1, 5, 6
• The cells responsible for humoral immunity are the _____ cells
• Blood flow to a tissue will increase if the
level of carbon dioxide at the tissue increases.
• Blood moves forward through veins by which of the following
all of the above
• _________ are clusters of lymphatic nodules located beneath the epithelial lining of the small intestine
Peyer's patches
• Which of the following is considered to be an autoimmune disease?
• In fetal circulation, the ductus venosus:
bypass the liver
• The body's nonspecific defenses include which of the following:
All of the above is a part of the body's nonspecific defenses
• Lymphocytes are located in each of the following tissues or organs, except the
• In active immunization, the
body is deliberately exposed to an antigen.
• The blood osmotic pressure is most affected by changes in the
concentration of plasma proteins.
• Immunity that results from the natural exposure to an antigen in the environment is called _____ immunity.
• The _____ divides the aorta into a superior thoracic aorta and an inferior abdominal aorta.
• Which of the following act as blood reservoirs
• The structural components of the circulatory system include the:
heart and blood vessels
• The order of blood flow through the vessels is:
arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins
• Which of the following is not a characteristic of inflammation?
all of the above are characteristics of inflammation
• The lymphatic system is composed of all of the following, except
the carina
• The tissue layers of blood vessels from exterior to interior are:
tunica adventitia, tunica media, and tunica intima.
• The term lymphadenopathy refers to
a chronic or excessive enlargement of lymph nodes
• An inflammatory response is triggered when
mast cells release histamine, serotonin, and heparin.
• In fetal circulation, the ductus arteriosus and foramen ovale:
bypass the lungs
• Each of the following arteries is a part of the circle of Willis, except the
basilar artery
• Which of the following vessels do not have the ability to constrict and dilate?
• As the external iliac artery enters the thigh, its name changes to the:
femoral artery
• Inflammation mediators include:
all of the above
• All arteries of the systemic circulation branch from the:
• Atherosclerosis is characterized by the deposition of lipids in the:
tunica intima
• Macromolecules that induce the immune system to make certain responses are called:
• Which of the following is(are) true of the thymus gland:
all of the above
• All the following are major branches of the aortic arch except the:
• Compared to blood capillaries, lymph capillaries exhibit which of the following:
all of the above
• The muscular layer of a blood vessel is the.
tunica media