Upgrade to remove ads
Chapters 38,39, and 40 Flashcards AP World History
Terms in this set (132)
Ideologically, the two competing sides in the cold war were?
US and USSR
The German Democratic Republic?
(East Germany) Emerged out of the soviet zone of occupation
In the wake of the Berlin Blockade and Airlift, the US, British, and French zones of occupation in western germany?
Coalesced to form the Federal Republic of Germany (west germany)
The Warsaw Treaty Organization?
was established as a response to the rearming of West Germany
The President of North Korea was?
Kim Il Sung
The Korean War resulted in?
The partitioning of korea along the 38th parallel into Soviet and US zone- Korean Peninsula would remain in a state of suspended strife because of the failure to conclude a peace treaty
US President Dwight Eisenhower?
Accepted the "domino theory"-rationalized worldwide US intervention on the assumption that if one country became communist, neighboring ones would collapse, etc, none would remain standing
The Bay of Pigs invasion?
Failed to overthrow Castro and his supporters/Diminished US prestige, especially in Latin America/ Strengthened Castro's Position in cuba
This cold war event was the closest that the USSR and the US came to war with one another?
Cuban Missile Crisis
Author of the "Second Sex" was?
Simone De Beauvoir
Betty Friedan, in her book The Feminine Mystique, wrote about?
The unhappiness of women who presumably enjoyed the best life the US could offer
The black nationalist who believed that US blacks should seek repatriation in Africa was?
In 1954, segregation in US schools was declared illegal in?
Brown vs. The Board Of Education
The French president Charles de Gaulle?
"France couldn't regain great power status if it depended on US military protection"- pursued independance policies
In 1963, what country rejected a partial nuclear test ban treaty that had been signed by the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and United states?
The foreign policy of Charles de Gaulle focused on?
Disengagement from the US dominated NATO and the development of an independent nuclear strike force
What country did the Soviet Union expel from the Soviet bloc in 1948 because of its insistence on following an independent course in foreign affairs?
An active policy of de-stalinization was begun in 1956 by?
Communist leader who gained power as nationalist leader in Hungary and announced country's neutrality and withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact
Alexander Dubcek's Prague Spring?
Promise "socialism with a human face"
The Brezhnev Doctrine?
Reserved the right to invade any socialist country that was deemed to be threatened by internal or external elements.. "Hostile to socialism"-justified Soviets invasion of Czechoslovakia
Upon its creation in 1949, the People's Republic of China?
Brought an end to the long period of imperialist intrusion in China and spawned a close relationship between the world's largest and most powerful socialist states- set out to imitate Soviet socialism
By the mid -1960s, the chinese were accusing the Soviets of being?
Too modest with their aid programs and too many strings attached to them
The policy of detente means?
reduction in hostility agreed by the US and Soviets
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks were signed in 1972 between?
US and Soviets
The term "Vietnamization"?
Turning the war over to the south vietnamese- nixon
The Paris Peace Accords of 1973?
Ended the US phase of the Vietnam War
The Soviet Union discovered its "vietnam" in?
The government of Muhammad Najibullah, who had een put in place in Afghanistan back in 1986, was finally overthrown in 1996 by?
Which of the following statements reflects the relationship between the Soviet Union and eastern Europe at the end of World War II?
Soviets were unable to connect communism with nationalism in eastern Europe which left communist regimes vulnerable throughout eastern/ central Europe & Soviet imposed governments lacked legitimacy - regimes never became firmly established
The Russian leader who brought massive reform to the Soviet Union begining in 1985 was?
A combined trade union and nationalist movement
At the time he was forced out of office in 1989, the longest surviving communist leader was?
The "velvet revolution" brought change to?
Nicolae Ceausecu was?
Dictator in Romania who refused reforms and repressed demonstrations; ended up dead in uprising
The East German leader who rejected Gorbachev's reforms and clung to traditional Soviet pattern was?
Reforms focused on ailing economy. Committed himself to restructuring of the USSR and unilateral withdrawal from cold war; dismantled Brezhnev Doctrine
Mikhail Gorbachev tried to implement a policy of "acceleration," or?
Uskerenie- tried to shock economy out of coma; didnt work
When Mikhail Gorbachev discussed the opening of Soviet society to public criticism and admission of past mistakes, he used the term?
The first of the Soviet republics to declare independence?
The Baltics- Estonians, Latvians, and Lithuanians
At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the largest of the republics, the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, was headed by?
Mikhail Gorbachev was rescued from an unsuccessful coup by?
Who finally dismantled the Soviet Communist Party and pushed the country toward free market reforms?
Leader of the USSR during the Cuban missile crisis?
The "Feminine Mystique"?
Leader of the US during the Cuban missile crisis was?
John F. Kennedy
On 30 January 1948, Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated by?
Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse
Both Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru felt that communalism?
was dangerous because it emphasized religious over national identity
Who said "The only solution to India's problems is Pakistan"?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
In 1946, six thousand people died in the Great Calcutta Killing in a confrontation between?
Hindus and Muslims
War broke out between India and Pakistan in 1947 over?
The province of Kashmir- claimed by both sides
The Bandung Conference?
Where leaders of African/Asian countries first discussed nonalignment- talked about "the third path"
In regard to international affairs, Nehru?
fashioned a compelling position for newly independent nations caught in the cold war and in the super power tug of war
The leader of North Vietnam was?
Ho Chi Minh
The Vietnamese Declaration of Independence was modeled on?
The US Declaration
The disastrous 1954 defeat that forced the French out of Vietnam was at?
Ngo Dinh Diem was?
The first president of the Republic (south) of Vietnam
In 1965, which U.S. president ordered a bombing campaign against North vietnam and sent American ground troops to bolster the South Vietnam army?
The European country that served as the mandate power in Palestine after World War I was?
In the Balfour Declaration of 1917?
British Government committed itself to the support of a homeland for jews in Palestine
In 1947, the United Nations Proposed that Palestine should?
Divide into 2 states
Gamel Abdel Nasser's Internationalist position was most similar to that of?
The leader of the Arab world in the 1950s and 1960s was?
the suez canal crisis of 1956?
Left Nasser in a dominant position in the Arab world- used the money collected from the canal to finance construction of a massive dam of the Nile River at Aswan
The english and the French were forced to withdraw from controlling the Suez Canal during the crisis in 1956 because?
They had not consulted with the United States
The "Year of Africa" refers to?
1960- a year that French colonies won their independence
After a long and bloody conflict, the Algerians gained their independence in 1962 from?
In the "Wretched of the Earth", Frantz Fanon?
Urged the use of violence against colonial oppressors as means of overcoming the racist degradation experienced by peoples outside the Soviet-US sphere
Bernard Dadie was?
An African poet who tried to turn Africans away from European culture/colonial rule
The leader of the first sub-Saharan African nation to gain independence, and the most important nationalist leader in Africa, was?
The Mau Mau uprising was an attempt to free Kenya from control by?
Jomo Kenyatta was a nationalist leader in?
the Disastrous great leap forward was backed by?
came to power after Mao's death and moderated Mao's commitment to Chinese self-sufficiency and isolation and engineered China's entry into the international financial trading system
The Indian leader who attempted to control the massive population growth in India by ordering involuntary sterilization was?
The Egyptian leader who both masterminded the surprise Yom Kippur attack on Israel and facilitated the peace process with the Israelis was?
The founder of the Palestinian Liberation Organization was?
Peace treaties that advanced the notion of limited Palestinian self-rule were signed in 1993 and 1995 by Yasser Arafat and?
Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin
The desire for the reassertion of Islamic values in Muslim politics was at the heart of?
the US-backed government of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in Iran was overthrown in 1979 by?
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
From 1980 to 1988, Iran was involved in a bloody war with?
What country has the Institutional Revolutionary Party ruled for much of the twentieth century?
Juan Peron, a nationalistic militarist who was nonetheless popular with the poor, ruled?
Argentina, in the late 1970s and early 1980s?
military rule took a sinister turn when dictators approved the creation of death squads that fought a "dirty war" against suspected suversives
The US-backed Somoza family ruled what country for more than 40 years?
249.The situation wherein national boundaries were artificial conveniences that did not correspond to economic or ethnic divisions was most common in?
In 1948, the system of aprtheid was put into place by the Afrikaner National Party in?
The leader of the African National Congress was?
In 1960, sixty-nine blacks were slaughtered in South Africa in the____ massacre?
Mobutu Sese Seko was the dictorial leader of?
Zaire (or Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Mobutu Sese Seko's coup, in which he killed Zaire's first prime minister, was supported by?
255.The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) started with 23 noncommunist nations in 1947, and by 1994 was up to how many nations?
Which of these organizations has developed into a forum for settling international trade disputes?
WTO- World Trade Organization
Which of the following was not one of the "little tigers"?
Was: Hong Kong, singapore, south korea, taiwan
The Asian economic crisis began in 1997 in what country?
The most famous and most strongly integrated regional bloc is?
one of the earliest/most successful alliances (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries); established in 1960 by oil producing states
islamic version of Barbie
Americanization refers to?
Homogenizing aspect of global culture
The spread of US mass culture/
threatened local/indigenous cultures everywhere
the spread of US mass culture?
Threatened local/indigenous cultures everywhere
because of the rise of communication technology, observers have labeled today's era the?
age of success
The New age of global interconnectedness?
has critics; "mass media is a vehicle for cultural imperialism"/ english became dominant language around globe
The term "wangguan" refers to?
Net wall- trying to contain internet by erecting firewall in china
the worlds population increases by _____ every year?
It is estimated that by 2200 the population of the earth will reach?
in 1994, the population of the earth stood at?
The author of "silent Spring" was?
Scientist Rachel Carson
the 1997 agreement at Kyoto was aimed at controlling which of the following threats to the world's environment?
Cut emissions blamed for global warming CO2 and other dangerous gases
The areas of the world where child labor is most prominent are?
South/southeast Asia; especially India
at the end of the year 2003, how many million adults and children lived with HIV/AIDS?
Eighty percent of the children with HIV/AIDS live in?
The United States' "war on terror" began in the wake of which of the following events?
the earliest nongovernmental organization was the?
Global recognition and acceptance of the concept of human rights grew after?
In the Islamic world, what percentage of women are in the work force?
10% or less
the Equal Rights Amendment in the US?
The only countries that transformed their legal systems to ensure basic equality for women were?
: socialist or communist societies- ex: USSR, Cuba, China
China's Population Policy?
LImited 1 child per couple
One suspected consequence of China's one-child family rule is?
Disappearance of a large number of girls
By 2001, female literacy in India stood at?
Dowry Deaths are a major problem facing women in?
The Myanmar leader who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 is?
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi
The first female president of Sri Lanka was?
CHandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga
in 1996 the largest urban area in the world, with a total population of around 27 million, was?
which of the following was one of the Allied powers but not a member of the Triple Entente?
Which of the following sets is listed in correct chronological order?
Zimmerman Note, Treaty of Versailles, Stock Market Crash, New Deal
Which of the following sets is a correct list of new nations created by the Treaty of Versailles?
Poland, LIthuania, Hungary
Which of the following is a true statement about ideologies in the 1920's and 1930's?
Germany began the 1930s as a democracy
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APWH Chapter 37
Chapter 38 World History
whap 35-39 review
Chapter 23-24 Seabrook
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Traditions and encounters Ch 38
AP World History Chapter 21 Vocabulary
Traughber 38-40 (Updated)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP Word HIstory Flash Cards