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Oceanography Virginia Science SOL 5.6
Terms in this set (36)
What is the large, flat bottom of the ocean floor called?
What is the zone that begins at the edge of the continent and gently slopes down into the water called?
What is the flow of water from one place to another
in a circular pattern called?
What is the lowest and deepest part of the ocean
Microscopic free-floating organisms that live in are called what? They can be plant or animal-like.
What is the name for combinations of sand, clay, silt, mud and small rocks?
A gently slopping area that collects lots of sediment from the continent and connects the slope with the ocean floor is called what?
What begins at the edge of the Continental Shelf and steeply plunges down into the ocean?
What is the main warm water current between North America and Europe?
What are microscopic plant-like plankton in the ocean called?
What is the word for the amount of salt dissolved in the ocean called?
Oceans cover approximately what percent of the Earth's surface?
What causes the twice daily rise and fall of sea level?
Approximately how many high tides occur every day?
What is the most common dissolved mineral in the ocean?
salt (Sodium Chloride)
What is the main cause of tides?
What happens to temperature as you go deeper
in the ocean?
What organisms are the
base of the ocean ecosystem?
Compared to the middle of the ocean, describe the salinity near where a river enters the sea?
What two words could you use to describe an ocean trench?
What three materials can you find on the bottom of the Continental Shelf and Continental Slope?
mud, sand, and rocks
Currents are also called...
A river in the ocean
Phytoplankton begin the _______ chain in the ocean.
Where is the Gulf Stream located?
What is the name of the deepest trench in the world?
What ocean is the Marianas Trench located in?
What is the word for how deep the ocean is?
What causes the salinity of an ocean to increase?
ice formation, evaporation
What causes the salinity of an ocean to decrease?
river runoff, rain
What are the three basic motions of the ocean?
waves, currents, and tides
Changes in water temperature, change in salinity, and wind all cause what?
What are animal-like plankton called?
Why is the ocean salty?
water washes over the rocks carrying different salts into the sea
What part of the ocean contains the most marine organisms?
Is the water warmer or cooler towards the surface of the ocean?
Does the following happen as the depth of the ocean increase or decrease:
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