48 terms

Environmental Sociology

Chapters 1-5
K-A-B split
knowledge, attitude, behavior
Locus of control
refers to the extent to which individuals believe that they can control events that will affect them
Environmental sociology
the study of the intersecion of natural and human communities
3 lenses of environmental sociology
material, ideal, practical
The Material
how consumption, the economy, technology, develpment, population and the health of our bodies shape out environmental conditions
The Ideal
how culture, ideology, moal values, risk, and social experience influence the way we think about and act toward the environment
The Practical
applying the material and the ideal in order to bring about a more ecological society
Ecological dialogue
material and ideal dimensions of environment depend on and interact with each other (the intersection between society and ecology)
Realist perspective
environmental problems cannot be understood apart from the theats posed b the way we have organized our societies, including the organization of ecological relations
Constructionist perspective
focuses on the ideological origins of environmental problems
relations of power
the organizational factors of materiality and the knowledge factors of our ideas--which in turn shape each other
3 main concerns of ecological dialogue
sustainabiliy, environmental justice, and beauty of ecology
3 central issues to environmenalism
environmental justice, environmental goods, and environmenal bads
Environmental racism
social hertitage differences in the distribuion of environmental bads due to either intentional or instituional reasons
Beauty of ecology
every living thing's right to a home, habiat; sustainably beautiful and beautifully sustainable
the social constitution of daily life
how we as humans institute the many structures and motivations that pattern our days
vicarious consumption
keeping up with the Jonses
social psychology of consumption
the variable and complex pleasures that underlie materialism
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
a hierarchy in which the bottom contains basic needs of physiology, safety, sense of belongingness and love, esteem, and self-actualization while the top of the hierarchy contains highe needs like knowledge and understanding and aesthetic satisfaction
conspicuous consumpion
visible displays of wealth which show one's social ability to command a steady flow of material goods
environmental power
by commanding the environment we are able to command others
conspicuous leisure
non-productive consumpion of time, an indication o disance from environmental needs
conspicuous waste
using excessive amounts of goods or discarding something instead of reusing or repairing it
vicarious consumption, leisure, and waste
others engage in them because of their envioronmental power (Veblin)
positional goods
goods whose desirability is predicted in part due to short supply, limited access, high prices, and consequen social honor or position (Fred Hirsch)
Goods and Sentiments
the cultivation of meaning in tangible objects
theory of rational choice
we act on our interests, as best we undestand them and the possibilities of achieving the desires that stem from them
the spirit of the goods; the social spirit that attaches to gifts
Sentiments and Advertising
companies try to persuade us that their goods have social value to us
Green advertising
companies seek to demonstrate through environmental and social good that they are concerned about more than just profit; makes a sentimental appeal to the guilt we feel over our consumptive habits
Goods and community
goods become a substitute of social needs
the time crunch
lack of time for interacting with family and community due to rising competitiveness, job security, declining governmental control and higher hours per week
the cycle of work-and-spend
must maintain a highly consumptive lifestyle in order to work the hours demanded
the treadmill of consumption
process of moving materially ahead without making any real gain in satisfaction
wage-price gap
the workers who produce the stuff can't afford to buy the stuff
generalization of the market
seek the highest return as a minimum cost
treadmill of production
process of mutual economic pinching that gets everyone running faster but advancing only a litle and always tending to increase production and o sideline th environment
growth machine
result of cooperaion of local growth coalitions and local government; a city, town, or state becomes dedicated to any kind of economic development with little regard for local community and environmenal consequences
costs that are unpaid for
the Invisible Elbow
pushing people aside to get ahead
visibility of externalities
ability to see and appreciate an externality; first step toward creating social conditions that promote positive externalities over negative
the crisis of underproduction
sometimes producers undermine the same social and environmental relations that make their production possible
the crisis of overproduction
"contradiction" in structure of economy that producers never resolve, despite current success
the treadmill of production
the efforts of producers to respond to declining production leads to even greater production declines through the destruction of overworked production capacity
the treadmill of underconsumption
conspiciuos non-consumption, non-leisure, non-waste
the dialogue of technology
technology conditions our lives in the same wa that we condition technology
technological somnibulism
we sleepwalk through the process of reconstituting the condiions of human existence
world-systems theory
the process of development is inherenly unequal, dividing the world into core regions and periphery regions (wealth flows from poor regions to the rich ones)