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13 terms

Personality Disorders

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Paranoid
Key feature is a pervasive distrust of other people such that others are virtually always perceived as threatening. Can be angered quickly or be pathologically jealous. Highly sensitive to dominance hierarchies and power and rank.
Schizoid
Key feature is pervasive detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotions. Appear to be self absorbed and disconnected from social or physical environment. Typically loners and have no desire to form close personal relationships.
Schizotypal
Key feature is anxiety in social relationships accompanied by eccentricities of behavior characterized by superstitiousness, preoccupation with paranormal phenomena, magical thinking, or use of rituals in everyday situations. Feel they do not "fit in".
Antisocial
Key feature is persistent pattern of victimization of others. Individuals also known as psychopaths or sociopaths. Have little or no remorse for their actions. Use destruction, physical assult or deceit to achieve personal gain.
Borderline
Key feature is persistent instability in social relationships, self-image, and emotions. Fear of abandonment and rejection: Fear leads to an intense intolerance to being alone. Sensitive to social environment. Will do just about anything not to be alone. Mostly diagnosed in females.
Histrionic
Key feature are excessive emotionality and attention-seeking behavior. Overly dramatic, enthusiastic, and flirtatious. Mostly diagnosed in females.
Narcissistic
Key feature are an obsession with grandiosity, an intense need for admiration, and lack of empathy. Pretentious boastful yet devaluing others. Mostly diagnosed in males.
Avoidant
Key features are social anxiety, low self-esteem, and hypersensitivity to criticism. Fearful of social interaction and avoid interpersonal contact that may result in rejection, humiliation, or criticism. Tend to become socially isolated and lonely.
Dependent
Key features are an excessive need to be taken care of, associated with submissive, clinging behavior, and fear of independence. Passive and indecisive concerning their own lives. Their decisions are made by dominant individual or group. Vulnerable to exploration or abuse. Mostly diagnosed in females.
Obsessive-Compulsive
Key feature is persistent preoccupation with order, perfection, attention to detail, rules, and control. Is so bad that will sacrifice efficiency to make sure something is "done by the book". Can be ritualistic in behavior. Take life seriously.
Cluster A
Odd, Eccentric
Cluster B
Dramatic, Emotional, Erratic
Cluster C
Anxious, Fearful