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Simplest carbohydrate
Has a single sugar molecule
ex: fructose, glucose

What is the sugar molecule formula?

(CH2O)n where n is any number from 3-8

What is the glucose and fructose formula?

C6 H12 O6


Two sugar molecules joined by glycosidic linkage

Dehydration Reaction

Also known as condensation reaction
Simple water molecule is lost


Serioes of connected monosaccharides
Polymer, because has repeating units of a monosaccharide
ex: Starch, Glycogen


Polymer of alpha-glucose molecules, energy storage molecule in plant cells


Polymer of alpha-glucose molecules, major energy storage molecule in animal cells


Organic Compound
Consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (1:2:1 ratio)

What are the functions of Carbohydrates?

Sugar Storage

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