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10 terms

Carbohydrates

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Monosaccharide
Simplest carbohydrate
Has a single sugar molecule
ex: fructose, glucose
What is the sugar molecule formula?
(CH2O)n where n is any number from 3-8
What is the glucose and fructose formula?
C6 H12 O6
Disaccharide
Two sugar molecules joined by glycosidic linkage
Dehydration Reaction
Also known as condensation reaction
Simple water molecule is lost
Polysaccharide
Serioes of connected monosaccharides
Polymer, because has repeating units of a monosaccharide
ex: Starch, Glycogen
Starch
Polymer of alpha-glucose molecules, energy storage molecule in plant cells
Glycogen
Polymer of alpha-glucose molecules, major energy storage molecule in animal cells
Carbohydrate
Organic Compound
Consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (1:2:1 ratio)
What are the functions of Carbohydrates?
Energy
Structure
Metabolism
Sugar Storage