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66 terms

Theater Test 3 2nd part

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What kind of movement was Romanticism
An Anti-Neo Classical movement
Characteristics that Individualize Romanticism
break from rules, order, organizations that control/censor art
Individualism
Imagination
Free expression
Nature
Artist- Genius
Uniqueness of Humans- Humananism
Search for truth, expression of truth
What was a Lieder
A new type of art song
What was The composition of a Lieder
a solo voice and piano with poetic text
Who is a good example of works of Lieder
How many works did he have
when was it performed
example of one
France Schubert (1797-1828)
almost 1000 works
Not performed until after his death
The Erlking
When was the Enlightenment
The 18th century
what were aspects of the Enlightenment
Thought- faith in science, human rights from natural law, progress of new sciences (minerology, botany, zoology)
Secular thought
In the enlightenment what were the new sciences
minerology
botany
zoology
Who is a good example from the enlightenment
Fredrick II of Hohenzollern
Who was Fredrick II of Hohenzollern
he was a Prussian Monarch
What did Fredrick II of Hohenzollern exemplify the enlightenment as
what was he a patron of
he exemplified the enlightenment as best interests of the people
He was a patron of the arts
What were the new technologies of the enlightenmenet
New and improved inventions
thermometer
barometer
air pump
steam engine
coal to smelt iron, metallurgy
New tools and techniques led to advancements in medicine and production
Industrial revoultion
What is it called when using coal to smelt iron
metallurgy
what can the enlightenment be described as
The Industrial Revolution
What is Animism
the belief in the existance of individual spirits that inhabit natural objects and phenomena
the belief in the existance of spiritual beings that are seperable or seperated from bodies
The hyopthesis holding that an immaterial force animates the universe
What is a good example of Program Music
when was this example
The seasons "spring"
1725
What form is Program Music in
what does it do?
Ritornello form
tells a story
Who are 2 good examples of Program Music
Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)
Richard Strauss (1864-1949)
Program Music
What is an example of Hector Berlioz's works
what time was it at
what was it
Symphonie Fantastique
1830
Idee Fixe
Program Music
What are 2 good example of Richard Strauss' works
His story was WHAT to music
Don Juan, Don Quixote
The story was integral to understanding the music
Who is a good example of Gesamtkunstwerk
What kind of art is it
Richard Wagner
it is a work of art that makes or uses all or many art forms
theater
what was expressionism an extention of
Realism and Naturalism
What was the purpose of expressionism
to elicit the same feeling from the viewer and the artist had, while painting
Who are 4 good examples of Expressionism
August Strindberg (1849-1912)
Elmer Rice
Eugene O'Neil (1888-1953)
Max Beckmann
Expressionism
What is a good example of August Strindberg's works
when was it
The Ghost Sonata
1907
Expressionism
what is a good example of Elmer Rice's works
when was it
The Adding Machine
1923
Expressionism
What are 2 good examples of Eugene O'Neil's works
when were they
where was he from
The Hairy Ape (1922)
The Ice Man Commeth (1939)
Germany
In music what are characteristics of Impressionism
Free use of chromatic tones
Atonal harmonic expression
Who are 2 good examples of music Impressionism
Claude Debussy (1862-1918)
JMW Turner
Impressionism
What is a good example of Claude Debussy's works
Claire de Lune
Who forshadows Impressionism
JMW Turner
In Impressionism what were the characteristics of painting and sculpting
when was it the same time as, and what could it do
small group of artists
see reality through color and motion
Same time as photography rose, it could portray the perception of things the camera could not capture
worked outside- Effects of Natural light
In Impressionism why did they work outside
Because of the effects of natural light
What did realism and naturalism extend into
Expressionism
What kind of art was a part of Realism
Baroque Art
Who are 4 good examples of Realism
Gustave Courbet (1819-1877)- Objective, unprejudiced record
Jean- Francois Millet (1814-1875)- Barbizon School, Realistic Romantic vision, landscape and peasants
Edouard Manet (1832-1883) "only see what the eye can see", Internal logic
Henry O. Tanner (1859-1937) African American, realistic, unsentimental
Realism
What were Gustave Courberts works described as
Objective, unprejudiced record
Realism
Where did Jean-Francois Millet attend school
what were his works like
what were in his works
Barbizon School
Realistic Romantic vision
landscape and peasants
Realism
what were Edouard Manets words described as
"only see what the eye can see"
Internal logic
Realism
Who was Henry O. Tanner
what were his works like
He was an African American
realistic, unsentimental
What does Cubism violate
what were the perspectives like
It violates the concepts of 2D and 3D space
multiple perspectives
Who is assiciated with Cubism
what did he describe space as
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)
space as an exention of the subject
In cubism what is Avant-garde:
Artist deliberately breaks with traditions of Western Illusionic art
Aestheticism
"art for arts sake"
Functionalism-
form follows function
Who were the leaders in Opera Comique and where was it mainly at
what did Opera Comique add
France, Italy, and Germany
it added spoken dialogue
Baroque
What does Imari Porcelain reflect
It reflects the complexity of Baroque style
What characterizes Baroque art
Appeal to the emotions, desire magnificance with grandiose ornamentation
systematic, rational composition
realism, chiaroscuro
Complex but unified whole
open compositions- reflect expansive universe
Emphasize feeling, genius of human creativity
Diverse
who is the most well known composer of Baroque art
Johannes Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
In painting what are the characteristics of rococo
decorative, nonfunctional
often fuzzy detail, complex compositions, superficial
Informality
Effervescent, delicate
In rococo painting what are the themes
themes of love, friendship, sentiment, pleasure, sincerity
Who are 3 examples of Rococo painting
Antoine Watteau (1683-1721)- Idealized social graces of high born
Francois Boucher (1703-1770)- decorative mundane
Jean Honore Fragonard (1732-1806)- "intrigue"
what characteriztics describe rococo architecture
more defined and delicate
mainly interior designs
Rowhouses and townhomes now in fashion
rococo architecture placed what in fashion
Rowhouses and townhomes now in fashion
Who is a good example of rococo architecture
Jean Francois de Cuvillies-pagodenburg (1772)
What did Jean Francois de Cuvillies create
when
Pagodenburg
1772
What are good examples of rococo architecture
Pagodenburg
San Sovci- Palace in Potsdam
who created San Sovci- Palace in Potsdam
Georges Knobelsdorff
who are 2 good examples of rococo literature
Alexander Pope (1688-1744)- brilliant satirist
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)- novelist
what was a good poem to describe rococo literature
when was it
The Rape of the Lock
(1712)
Rococo literature
Describe the characteristics of The Rape of the Lock
trivial matter addressed in classical style
irony and juxtaposition of ideas and form
rococo literature
when was An Essay on Criticism
what was the poem on
what was it composed of
(1733-1734)
the poem was on writing heroic couplets, iambic pentameter
Composed of 4 epistles- hierarchy
what did Jonathan Swift write
Gulliver's Travels
A Modest Proposal
What was Gulliver's Travels
a novel that attacks arrogance and pragmatism
What was A Modest Proposal
An essay that mocks, seriously argues that the English could solve the "Irish Problem" by eating the Irish poor's babies to control overpopulation
Good example of Idee Fixe
Symphonic Fantastique