Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
History of the Holocaust
Terms in this set (67)
Security leader of the SS who was given the task of administering the Final Solution. Creator of the Einsatzgruppen.
Joseph-Arthur de Gobineau
wrote "Inequality of the Human Races", divided humanity into four main racial groups,black, yellow and white, red
each of which had its own peculiar traits. 1853-1855
Hitler's propaganda minister who played a central role in the Final Solution organizer of Kristallnacht and burning of the books
Austrian who became the Nazi official who administered the concentration camps where millions of Jews were murdered during World War II. managed deportation legalistic s of Jews to death camps
German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews chief of police
was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, and commander of the Luftwaffe.
German Jewish Politician who advocated the policy of Zionism( a form of nationalism of Jews and Jewish culture that supports a Jewish nation state in territory defined as the Land of Israe)l and the creation of a nation state for all Jewish people. Promoted Jewish migration to palistian
Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski
He was the chairman of the Judenrat in Lodz. He made Lodz an autocratic municipality. He believed that the Jews would be saved through dedicated work. He carried out orders by Germany although he knew that thousands of Jews would be killed because of it. Polish Jew
A SS/Police leader for the Lublin district of Poland. He was charged by Himmler with "operation Reinhard" which sought to execute the 2.2 million Jews within the General Government. The first extermination camps were built in Fall 1941. Liquidated the Warsaw ghetto
Also known as the Angel of Death. Main Doctor at Auschwitz-Birkenau . He did the steralization of Jews, and liked to work with twins.
a soldier of the Second Polish Republic, the founder of the Secret Polish Army (Tajna Armia Polska) resistance group As the author of Witold's Report, the first intelligence report on Auschwitz concentration camp
During World War II, he volunteered for a Polish resistance operation to get imprisoned at Auschwitz in order to gather intelligence and escape. . He escaped from the camp in 1943 and took part in the Warsaw Uprising. He remained loyal to the London-based Polish government-in-exile and was executed in 1948 by the Stalinist secret police on charges of working for "foreign imperialism"
Under their protection, 1,236 Jews survived the war, making it one of many remarkable rescue missions in the Holocaust. The group spent more than two years living in the forests and was initially organised by members of the Bielski family. (Movie we watched) Polish Jewish
-commander of Auschwitz (beginning in 1940), which he expanded with the help of Eichmann to make possible the accomodation of more jews to be murdered
the first concentration camp in Germany. It was the model for all camps that followed it.
Beer Hall Putsch
In Nov 8-9 1923 the Nazis attempted to overthrow the government in Munich. It was a total failure, and Hitler received a brief prison sentence during which time he wrote Mein Kampf.
path of legality
The "path of legality" became the new platform for the Nazi party. The basic premise of rallying a mass political movement from within the democratic system was initiated in order to gain the popular vote of the German people. Although not all of the methods employed by the Nazi's were legal, many of the newly developed tactics of Hitler's were legal and quite effective. However, despite using the democratic system to gain control, Hitler intended to dismantle the entire system once the Nazi's controlled the government, thereby, obviating anyone attempting to repeat their feat. Better than trying to over through again after the failure of the beer hall putsch
Reichstag Fire Decrees
Feb. 27, 1933; parliament was burned by a Danish communist; on Feb 28, HItler(the Chancellor) issued an emergency decree- said the country was going to be taken over by communists, so he was going to stop it; suspended civil liberties and democratic government; also shut down newspapers who did not support the Nazis
enabled Hitler to get rid of the Reichstag parliament and pass laws without reference to parliament March 23, 1933
The European Enlightenment of the 18th century and its impact upon Jews of Europe, producing new forms of Jewish religious life, assimilation of large numbers of Jews into the surrounding culture, and provoking sometimes hostile reaction among those who continued to identify with traditional beliefs and practices. 18th-19th centuries
The name given to the night of violence on November 9, 1938, when Nazi storm troopers looted and destroyed Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues and arrested thousands of Jews in Germany and Austria AKA night of the broken glass
Hitler's book in which he outlined his ideas on race, living space, and the Fuhrer. Written while in exile means my struggle
Believed that Hitler and Nazis had every intention on killing off as many jews as possible. They would claim that Final Solution was in play the entire time, and announced it when it was politically convenient.
A council of Jewish representatives in communities and ghettos set up by the Nazis to represent Jewish interests and carry out Nazi instructions.
was a extermination camp. They would gas the prisoners right away making it at first seem as a shower. They would pile the bodies into mass graves of crematories. The other option was to help with the killing process if they thought you were strong enough.
Hitler's plan to create an entire race of Aryans, Jews were fired from their jobs and expelled from school in order to eliminate the non Aryan race. Hitler believed in eliminating the non pure Aryan race.
This was the Nazi program created to kill the mentally ill in Germany and German occupied territories. There was a written order given by Hitler authorizing euthanasia killings. Approximately 70,000 killed from September 1939-August 1941. This was done to enhance the purity of the Aryan racial community. It relates to negative eugenics in the fact that the Nazi party tried to do away with anyone that would not produce the best Aryan blood. Physicians and policemen were jointly in charge of killing those disabled people in institutions. The Nazis supported doing away with those "lives unworthy of living". These disabled people, even when sterilized, cost the state money and filled spaces that could be used for other things. The churches didn't oppose this issue, because they (Catholic Church) made exceptions for euthanasia killings. This is also significant because it was the first killings in which a gas was used to kill a large group of people at one time. This method of killing is a direct antecedent of gas chamber killing in concentration camps.
'The Final Solution for the Jewish Question' was the cover name for Hitler's plan to destroy all the Jews in Europe, It began in December 1941
rescue mission that took place during the nine months prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. The United Kingdom took in nearly 10,000 predominantly Jewish children from Nazi Germany, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland and the Free City of Danzig. The children were placed in British foster homes
Jewish Combat Organization was a World War II resistance movement, which was instrumental in engineering the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ŻOB took part in a number of other resistance activities as well. 1939 youth organization helped with the Warsaw uprising july 1942 idea for zob
complex of concentration, extermination and labor camps in poland. est in May 26th 1940. more than 1million jews murdered.built to ease the congestion of the main camp larger and more people than the original
SS paramilitary death squads that were responsible for mass killings, typically by shooting, of Jews in particular, but also significant numbers of other population groups and political categories. The Einsatzgruppen operated throughout the territory occupied by the German armed forces following the German invasions of Poland, in September, 1939, and later, of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941.
Derogatory Nazi term meaning "mongrel" that denoted people having both Christian and Jewish ancestors.half jew, half non-jew mixed blood (Nuremberg Laws)
the secret police force of the German nazi state, notorious for its terrorism and brutality began under Himmler
special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler
a term used in Nazi Germany to describe the state political and criminal investigation security agencies. It was made up by the combined forces of the Gestapo (secret state police) and the Kripo
the intelligence agency of the SS and the Nazi Party in Nazi Germany. The organization was the first Nazi Party intelligence organization to be established and was often considered a "sister organization" with the Gestapo. reported to himmler but hydrick was given power they were given the job of finding potential threats to the government
the uniformed regular police force in Nazi Germany . It was increasingly absorbed into the Nazi police system. Owing to their green uniforms, they were also referred to as Grüne Polizei (green police). The Orpo was established as a centralized organisation uniting the municipal, city, and rural uniformed forces that had been organised on a state-by-state basis. Eventually the Orpo embraced virtually all of the Third Reich's law-enforcement and emergency response organizations, including fire brigades, coast guard, civil defense, and even night watchmen. under control of himmler
study of factors that influence the hereditary qualities of the human race and ways to improve those qualities
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.survival of the fittest
was the code name given to the Nazi plan to murder Polish Jews in the General Government, and marked the most deadly phase of the Holocaust, the use of extermination camps. During the operation, as many as two million people were murdered in Bełżec, Majdanek, Sobibor and Treblinka, almost all of whom were Jews. Initiated in 1941-1943
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
Forced marches of concentration camp prisoners as the Nazis tried to keep ahead of the Allied forces; approximately one third of those in the death marches died as a result of either disease, starvation, overexposure to the elements, or being shot by their guards
Warsaw ghetto uprising
a revolt that took place in April 19 1943 - may16 in the Warsaw Ghetto when the Germans attempted to deport the remaining inhabitants to Treblinka. The defense forces fought the Germans for 27 days before the ghetto was destroyed
Death camp near Lublin; 200,000 killed; After a successful revolt about half of the 600 prisoners in Sobibor escaped; the camp was closed, bulldozed, and planted-over with pine trees to conceal its location days afterwards
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 28 June 1919 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Nuremberg Racial Laws
Began in Sept. 1935. The "purity of German blood" was made a legal category. Laws against any sexual relations between Germans and Jews (married or not) and removed all Jews from under protection of the laws of the land. Laws related citizenship to race.
Nazi plan to get rid of the Jews by expelling them to either the Middle East of Madagascar draft send out aug 15 1939
A meeting in which the "Final solution" and use of concentration camps were decided in jan 1942, Heydrich was the chief executor of the "Final Solution". Held in Wannsee, Berlin. decided to make camps in the east bc if made in the west unrest would happen
the occupation and annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in march 12 1938
code name for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II that began on 22 June 1941. Largest invasion in war fair
Fought during the winter of aug 1942- feb1943, it was the first major Soviet victory of World War II and a turning point for the Allies. It claimed more lives than any other singles conflict in the War but prevented the Nazis from capturing Russia and was a crucial factor in their eventual defeat.
The Righteous Among nations
the term applied to those non-jewish individuals who put their lives at risk in order to hide, protect, and save jews from the nazis. honorific used by the State of Israel
policy by which Czechoslovakia, Great Britain and France agreed to Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in agreement for not taking any additional Czech territory. with world war 1 still fresh in their minds no one wanted war at any cost
agreement between Chamberlain and Hitler that Germany would not conquer any more land, and if did, would declare war 1938
Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
signed aug 23 1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
Invasion of Poland
Germany invaded, breaking their agreement, so Britain and France declared war, starting World War II, Hitler invaded Poland Sept. 1,1939. After signing the non-aggression pact HItler had a surprise attack, German tanks and troops rumbled across the Polish border at the same time Warsaw was being bombed.
the Nazis encouraged Ukrainians, who were former soldiers of the Red Army and who had been captured, to join their cause
were selected to act as the guard unit at each of the three Reinhardt death camps and came under the jurisdiction of the relevant camp commandant. Almost all of the Trawniki guards were involved in shooting and beating Jews at some point in their careers
Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people
A pesticide used as poison gas to murder Jews in the death camp gas chambers.
were in charge of pulling the dead bodies out and extracting any remaining valuables left on Jews; the jewelry or gold teeth. These people were Jews, who did not last very long either.
- June 1944
- Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escaped from Auschwitz and wanted to tell the world about what was going on
- The Allied response was to bomb IG Farben
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion
Fictitious book that the anti-semetic Germans believed the Jews wrote- in it the Jews supposedly mapped out their plan for world domination
International Military Tribunal
sanctioned policies by which certain groups of individuals were allowed to procreate and others not, with the expressed purpose of promoting certain characteristics deemed to be particularly desirable. To end hereditary disease
the Nazi party took racism into account: race-based community
euphemism for the rounding-up of political opponents especially Jews, sometimes officially defended as being necessary to protect them from the 'righteous' wrath of the German population.detainees would most probably never have seen a judge. The victims were then sent to concentration camps, where many were later exterminated
organized persecution of an ethnic group (especially Jews) Kristallnacht being an example
Recommended textbook explanations
World History Patterns of Interaction
Dahia Ibo Shabaka, Larry S. Krieger, Linda Black, Phillip C. Naylor, Roger B. Beck
Holt McDougal World History
World History Human Legacy
Peter Stearns, Sam Wineburg, Susan Elizabeth Ramirez
Anthony Esler, Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis
This set is often in folders with...
World History World War 1
Battle of Hastings
You might also like...
Holocaust - Quiz
chapter 1 & 2
Other sets by this creator
Business Strategies Exam 2
Hospitality Business Strategies Quizzes
Demonstrative Adjectives Spanish
Other Quizlet sets
social psych test 1
Geology Chapter 1
Foundations Exam 2
Fuels Accountability Requirements