How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

91 terms

Anatomical Language

Lab Test 1
STUDY
PLAY
skull
bony portion of head; encloses and protects brain and gives shape to face.
face
anterior portion of head not normally covered by scalp.
neck
area between head and trunk.
trunk
central body area to which head and limbs are attatched
chest
area of trunk between neck and abdomen; contains heart and lungs; diaphragm forms boundary of abdomen.
abdomen
area of trunk between chest and pelvis; contains digestive organs; hip bones form lower boundary of abdomen.
pelvis
area of trunk below abdomen; contains internal reproductive organs and urinary bladder
back
posterior portion of trunk between neck and buttocks.
shoulder
curved area where upper limb attaches to upper border of trunk
armpit
under-arm area where upper limp attatches to trunk.
arm
area of upper limp between shoulder and elbow.
forearm
area of upper limp between elbow and wrist.
wrist
portion of hand that connects hand to forearm
hand
includes wrist and fingers.
buttocks
rounded area on posterior surface where thigh attatches to trunk.
groin
area of anterior surface marked by a crease where lower limb attaches to the pelvis
thigh
area of lower limb above knee
leg
area of lower limb between knee and ankle.
ankle
portion of food that connects to leg.
foot
includes ankle and toes.
ante-
prefix meaning before or in front or
cubit-
root work means elbow
-al
a suffix meaning pertaining to
axial
pertaining to the central part of the body, the head and trunk
cephalic
pertaining to the head
cranial
pertaining to the portion of the skull surrounding the brain
facial
pertaining to the face
frontal
pertaining to the forehead
orbital
pertaining to the eye
otic
pertaining to the ear
nasal
pertaining to the nose
buccal
pertaining to the cheek
oral
pertaining to the mouth
mental
pertaining to the chin
occipital
pertaining to the back of the head
cervical
pertaining to the neck
thoracic
pertaining to the chest
sternal
pertaining to the breast bone
mammary
pertaining to the breast
abdominal
pertaining to the abdomen
umbilical
pertaining to the navel
coxal
pertaining to the hip
pelvic
pertaining to the pelvis
pubic
pertaining to the genital area
dorsal
pertaining to the back
scapular
pertaining to the shoulder blade region
vertebral
pertaining to the spinal column
lumbar
pertaining to the area of the back between the lowest rib and buttocks
appendicular
pertaining to the extremities or limbs
acromial
pertaining to the highest point of the shoulder
axillary
pertaining to the armpit
brachial
pertaining to the arm.
antecubital
pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow
olecranal
pertaining to the posterior of the elbow
antebrachial
pertaining to the forearm
carpal
pertaining to the wrist
manual
pertaining to the hand
palmar
pertaining to the palm.
digital
pertaining to the digits (fingers).
inguinal
pertaining to the groin where the thigh attaches to the pelvis
gluteal
pertaining to the buttocks
femoral
pertaining to the thigh
patellar
pertaining to the anterior surface of the knee
popliteal
pertaining to the posterior surface of the knee
crural
pertaining to the anterior surface of the leg.
fibular or peroneal
pertaining to the lateral side of the leg
sural
pertaining to the posterior surface of the leg.
tarsal
pertaining to the ankle
pedal
pertaining to the foot
plantar
pertaining to the sole of the foot
calcaneal
pertaining to the heel
digital
pertaining to the digits (toes)
superior
above
inferior
below
anterior (ventral)
closer to the front of the body
posterior
closer to the back of the body
medial
closer to the midline of the body
lateral
farther from the midline of the body
intermediate
between two structures
ipsilateral
one same side of the body
contralateral
on opposite sides of the body
proximal
nearer to point of attchment of limb to trunk
distal
farther from point of attachment of limb to trunk
superficial
closer to the surface of the body
deep
farther from surface of body
head to neck
superior
nose to eyes
medial
elbow to shoulder and wrist
intermediate
right arm and right leg
ipsilateral
elbow to wrist
proximal
muscles to skin
deep