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49 terms

CMA AP FINAL 2

CMA AP FINAL
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Respiratory System (function)
Supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to all the parts of the body.
Respiratory System
system responsible for taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide using the lungs.
Conducting Zone
Part of the Respiratory System that consists of the Nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles.
Respiratory Zone
Part of the Respiratory System that is found deep inside the lungs and is made of the Respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli.
Digestive System
The system that makes food absorbable into the body.
Digestive Function
The digestive system breaks down food, absorbs nutrients, and eliminates wastes.
Esophagus
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Stomach
A J-shaped, muscular pouch located in the abdomen.
Small intestine
The part of the digestive system in which most chemical digestion takes place.
Large intestine
The last section of the digestive system, where water is absorbed from food and the remaining material is eliminated from the body, Also known as colon.
Gall Bladder
Stores bile produced by the liver until it is needed in the duodenum.
Liver
Major organ that makes bile to break down fats.
Pancreas
Gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum, where it mixes with bile to digest food.
Digestive Tract
Group of organs that forms a long, twisting tube (intestines) extending from the mouth to the anus through which food is ingested, digested, and expelled.
Cardiovascular
Of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels.
Heart
The hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs.
Myocardium
The strongest of the three layers of the heart.
Epicardium
Outermost layer of the heart.
Endocardium
Inner layer of the heart.
Arteries
Carries blood away from the heart.
Valve
A flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backwards.
Veins
Carry blood towards the heart.
Electrocardiogram
A graphical representation of the electrical signals within the heart.
Blood Vessels
Hollow tubes that transport blood through the body.
Reproductive System
system purposed for reproduction
Fertilization
when sperm and egg cells meet
Vagina
canal that joins to outside of body (birth canal)
Uterus
hollow, pear shaped organ that divides into two parts (cervix and corpus, [main body of uterus])
Ovaries
small, oval shaped glands (located on either side of uterus)
Fallopian Tubes
narrow tubes that are attached to upper part of uterus (tunnel for eggs)
Urethra
canal that carries the urine from bladder to outside of body and vagina
Clitoris
small, sensory organ
Penis
male sexual organ for intercourse, contains three parts(root, body[shaft], and glans)
Scrotum
loose pouch, sac of skin that hangs behind penis that contains testicles
Testicles (testes)
oval organs that lie in the scrotum, responsible for making testosterone and generating sperm
Vas Deferens
long muscular tube that transports mature sperm to urethra in prep for ejaculation
Prostate Gland
walnut size structure (located below urinary bladder) , helps nourish sperm
Seminal Vesicles
sac like pouches, produce sugar rich fluid (fructose) that attach to vas deferens
Urinary System
Consists of a pair of glandular kidneys, which remove substances from the blood, form urine, and help regulate certain metabolic processes.
Renal Medulla
The inner portion of kidney, composed of conical masses tissues called renal pyramids, the bases of which are directed toward the convex surfaces of the kidney and the apexes of which form renal papillae.
Renal Cortex
The outer portion of a kidney.(forms a shell around the medulla) It's tissue drips into the medulla between the renal pyramids, forming renal columns.
Nervous System
the system of cells, tissues, and organs that regulates the body's responses to internal and external stimuli.
Central Nervous System
Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Neurons, Motor Neurons, Sense organs, and Receptors
Skin
A protective covering that prevents many harmful substances from entering the body.
Melanin
Provides skin color, and absorbs ultraviolet radiation in sunlight.
Keratinization
Strands of tough, fibrous, waterproof keratin proteins that are synthesized and stored within cells.
Blood
Life giving fluid of the body that is made up of plasma, rbc's, wbc's, and platelets.
rectum
regulates elimination of feces.