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GEO 1200 0001 Chapters 1 - 5
Terms in this set (50)
Which term properly describes the shape of
A. Perfect Sphere
B. Perfect Ellipse
C. Perfect Spheroid
D. Oblate Ellipse
The South Pole is nearest the Sun during which of
A. March Equinox
B. September Equinox
C. December Solstice
D. June Solstice
E. Solar Eclipse
If Earth rotated one-half its current rotational speed, which of the following would be true?
A. Months would last longer than 31 days
B. Years would be shorter than 365 ¼ days
C. Days would be exactly 24 hours
D. Days would be exactly 12 hours
E. Days would be exactly 48 hours
Days would be exactly 48 hours
Lines of longitude have the greatest distance between each other at which of the following
B. North and South Pole
C. Tropic of Cancer
D. Tropic of Capricorn E. International Date Line
If the time is 12:00 A.M. in Greenwich, England, what time is it in New York City, New York (EST)?
A. 5:00 A.M.
B. 7:00 P.M.
C. 12:00 A.M.
D. 7:00 A.M.
E. 5:00 P.M.
The Sun's heating ability over Earth gets stronger when
A. the Sun's rays strike Earth at an
angle less than 10°.
B. the Sun's rays strike Earth perpendicularly (at a 90° angle).
C. one moves north from the equator during Northern Hemisphere winter.
D. The Sun's rays strike Earth
obliquely (angle less than 90°).
E. the Sun is nearer Earth.
The Sun's rays strike Earth perpendicularly (at a 90° angle).
If you fly west from Australia to the United States, departing on April 1, what day is it when you arrive
in the United States?
A. April 1
B. April 2
C. March 30
D. March 31
E. April 3
Northern Hemisphere summer solstice is experienced
on June 21. On this date, at solar noon, the Sun is
directly overhead at the
B. Tropic of Cancer.
C. Tropic of Capricorn. D. North Pole.
E. South Pole.
Tropic of Cancer
The speed of rotation of Earth's surface is
highest at the
B. Tropic of Cancer.
C. Tropic of Capricorn. D. North Pole.
E. Arctic Circle.
The solid, inorganic portion of Earth is represented by which of the four primary spheres?
A map scale which says "1 in. = 21 mi" is a
A. divisional map scale.
B. fractional map scale.
C. graphic map scale.
D. verbal map scale.
E. orthonormal map scale.
Verbal map scale
_____________ are automated systems for the capture, storage, retrieval, analysis, and display
of spatially referenced data.
B. Geographic Information systems
C. Remote Sensing
D. Global positioning systems
E. Geomatic engineering
Geographic Information systems
Radar systems use radio waves as a means for remote sensing. Radio waves are shorter than which of these waves in the electromagnetic
C. Visible waves
D. Infrared waves
E. Radio waves are
the longest waves
Radio waves are the longest waves
Isoline is a generic term that refers to lines joining
places of equal value or something. Isolines
joining places of equal elevation are known as
D. contour lines.
E. isogonic lines.
Map projections that preserve the correct shapes of places and compromise area are known as
Globes are less frequently used than maps
except for classroom purposes. This is because globes
A. are illegible compared to maps.
B. are hard to read.
C. are cumbersome.
D. do not maintain the correct
geometric relationship between locations.
E. are inaccurate when compared to maps.
Which of the following is not an example of a
remote sensing system?
C. Global positioning system
D. Aerial photography
E. Lambert-conformal maps
The map legend tells you
A. the history of the map.
B. what direction is north.
C. the map projection.
D. how to interpret the map.
E. latitude and longitude.
How to interpret the map
Maps nearly always have a special purpose.
This purpose is to:
A. show the exact size and height of physical features.
B. represent an enlargement of a section of Earth.
C. resolve misunderstandings regarding positional relationships
on Earth's surface.
D. show as much spatial information as the paper can possibly hold.
E. show the distribution of selected phenomena.
Show the distribution of selected phenomena.
The global positioning system (GPS)
A. uses satellite measurements to provide navigation on
B. is based off of radar.
C. only works in urban areas.
D. provides location based on miles from a major city.
E. allows for the layering of maps on each other.
Uses satellite measurements to provide navigation on
The main surface currents in the major ocean basins
assist in the heat transfer around the world by moving
A. warm water from the Northern Hemisphere to the Southern Hemisphere.
B. cool water from the poles to the tropics.
C. warm water from the poles to the tropics.
D. cool water from the tropics to the poles.
E. warm water from the Southern Hemisphere to the Northern Hemisphere.
Cool water from the poles to the tropics.
An example of climate (versus weather) for a given
A. the air temperature reached 78°F today.
B. rain showers are predicted for next Saturday.
C. the record high temperature is 122°F.
D. the average rainfall in April is 15 inches.
E. thunderstorms occurred last Mother's day.
The average rainfall in April is 15 inches
Temperature decreases with increasing elevation in
which thermal atmospheric layers?
A. Troposphere and stratosphere
B. Thermosphere and mesosphere
C. Troposphere and mesosphere
D. Troposphere only
E. Stratosphere and thermosphere
Troposphere and mesosphere
_______ is the most plentiful
variable gas in the atmosphere. However, it varies in location,
not in time.
C. Carbon dioxide
E. Water vapor
Oxygen accounts for what proportion of the of the volume
of gases in the atmosphere?
If a wind of 55 mph were subjected to a Coriolis force that is double what exists on Earth, what would its
new speed be?
A. 110 mph
B. 27.5 mph
C. 45 mph
D. 0 mph
E. 55 mph
The aurora borealis typically occurs in
A. the homosphere.
B. the troposphere.
C. the ionosphere.
D. the stratosphere.
E. the mesosphere.
Which of the following is an example of a secondary
A. Carbon monoxide B. Carbon dioxide
Ozone is depleted by CFCs. What is the primary atom in the CFC molecule that is responsible for
C. Fluorine D. Cchloride
Los Angeles, California and Dallas, Texas have vastly different climates, despite existing at the
same latitude. What causes the climate difference?
A. Proximity to a desert
B. Sun is more directly overhead in Dallas
C. Los Angeles is near mountains
D. Dallas is in the Plains
E. Dallas is continental; Los Angeles is maritime
Dallas is continental; Los Angeles is maritime.
In the first 11 miles above Earth's surface, air temperature generally ___________ with increasing elevation.
D. reaches equilibrium E. rises
The west wind drift forms as a result of
A. decreased Coriolis near the equator.
B. global warming.
C. the Arctic Ocean.
D. fewer landmasses
near the poles of the Northern Hemisphere.
E. fewer landmasses near the poles of the Southern Hemisphere.
Fewer landmasses near the poles of the Southern Hemisphere.
Even though no heat is taken in from an external
source, adiabatic warming involves warming by
compression in __________ air.
________ heat is required when water is converted into
A. Latent heat of freezing
B. Sensible heat of freezing
C. Latent heat of melting
D. Latent heat of condensation
E. Latent heat of vaporization
Latent heat of freezing
Incoming solar energy is redirected by particulate
matter and gas molecules in the atmosphere, therefore lost to Earth through what process?
A. Tropospheric repulsion
B. Terrestrial emission C. Reflection
The main source of energy for Earth's atmosphere is heat
A. radiated by millions of other stars besides the sun.
B. from solar insolation (Sun).
C. generated by gigantic tidal waves.
D. released as radioactive minerals decay at great depth.
E. released on the ocean floor through hydrothermal
From solar insolation (Sun).
The world's largest annual temperature range typically
occurs in the interior of what latitudes?
Which of these geographic regions would be
characterized by a high albedo?
A. The rain forests
B. The oceans
C. The Arctic
D. The plains
E. The Great Lakes
Which of the following could NOT be a cause for land warming faster than water?
A. Water has lower sensible heat
B. Water has higher sensible heat
C. Water has more evaporative cooling
D. Water is in constant motion
E. Water has limited
Water has lower sensible heat
Which phrase best describes global warming?
A. Global carbon dioxide levels are sinking
B. Global temperatures
C. Ocean temperatures
D. Earth's core is warming
E. The greenhouse effect is
The greenhouse effect is increasing
The force exerted by gas molecules on some area of
Earth's surface or any other body is called what?
C. Atmospheric pressure
Lines drawn on maps joining areas of equal
atmospheric pressure are called what?
C. Contours lines
Due to Coriolis force, freely moving objects in the Northern Hemisphere
appear to be deflected to
A. the left.
B. the right.
C. the ocean.
D. the east.
E. the west.
The air that descends and spirals out of the subtropical
high pressure belt is the source of
A. polar easterlies.
B. trade winds and
D. land and sea breeze.
E. the monsoons.
Trade winds and
A sea breeze is experienced
A. in the night.
B. in winter.
C. during the day.
D. at dawn only.
E. when air over land is too heavy to be lifted by convective currents.
During the day
The semi-permanent area of high pressure over the
poles of Earth is an example of
A. a subtropical high.
B. a sea breeze.
C. a dynamic high.
D. a thermal high.
E. a midlatitude
A thermal high
An El Niño is observed as:
A. a cooling of equatorial Pacific waters.
B. high pressure over western South America.
C. a warming of eastern equatorial Pacific waters.
D. low pressure over Australia.
E. rainy conditions for Australia.
A warming of eastern
equatorial Pacific waters.
Waves in the jet stream pattern are called
A. Kelvin waves.
B. electromagnetic waves.
C. shallow water waves.
D. Coriolis waves.
E. Rossby waves.
Which type of wind is an example of a katabatic wind?
E. Santa Ana
Air which has decreased in density and temperature will Explanation: Air temperature and density are directly related to pressure. If air temperature and density decrease, the pressure must also decrease as a result of the temperature and density decrease.
A. be warmer.
B. have a higher air pressure.
C. have a lower air pressure.
Have a lower air pressure
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