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Sustentocular cells; to prevent the immune system from attacking the sperm
Which cells make up the blood-testes barrier and why
skeletal muscle and elevates the testes; smooth muscle and wrinkles the scrotal skill
What the cremaster and dartos muscle do
10% of semen volume (1/3) produce thick, clear mucus prior to ejaculation that neutralizes traces of acidic urine in the urethra
What the bulbourethral gland produces
homonymous chromosomes separate; sister chromatids separate
What occurs in anaphase I and anaphase II
formed by the duct of seminal vesicle and ampulla of ductus deferens; semen goes in
What the ejaculatory duct is and how it is formed
inner mucosa of uterine wall of inner lining; muscle layer of uterine
What the endometrium and myometrium are
embryonic trophoblastic tissue and maternal endometrial tissue
What two structures contribute to the placenta formation
anchors uterus to body (pelvic) wall; connects ovary to uterus
What the broad ligament and ovarian ligament are
some antibodies, nutrients, enzymes, drugs, toxins, bacteria, alcohol
What substances can cross the placenta
do not directly mix, transport by active transport, diffusion
How the maternal and fetal circulation relate
network of veins, cools arterial blood entering testes
What the pampiniform plexus is and its functions
remenate of mature follicle; makes female hormones, progesterone and estrogen
What the corpus luteum is and its function
uterus raises to a more vertical position during plateau stage
What tenting of the uterus is and when it occurs
semitubules, rete tetis, efferent ductules, epididymus, ductus deferens, ampulla, ejaculatory duct, urethra
What the order of travel of sperm is
anchors ovary to the pelvic wall laterally; anchors uterus to body (pelvic) wall; connects ovary to uterus
What the broad, ovarian, and suspensory ligaments are
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