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chapter 11 chem

STUDY
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solution
homogeneous mixture where one substance is dissolved in another substance
solute
substance that is dissolved in another substance
solvent
substance in which another substance is dissolved
solubility
amount of substance that can be dissolved in a given amount of another substance at a given temp
soluble
capable of being dissolved
insoluble
incapable of being dissolved
miscible
capable of being mixed
immiscible
incapable of being mixed
concentration of solution
amount of substance that is dissolved in a given amount of another substance
dilute solution
contains a relatively small amount of dissolved substance
concentrated solution
contains a relatively large amount of dissolved substance
saturated solution
contains the maximum amount of solute at a given temp
unsaturated solution
contains less than the maximum amount of solute at a given temp
mass percent
grams of solute per 100 grams of solution
volume percent
ml of solute per 100 ml of solution
molarity
moles of solute per liter of solution
molality
moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
colligative property
depends on the number of solute particles and not on the nature of the solute