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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Spectroscope
  2. Full moon
  3. Comet
  4. Galaxy
  5. Lunar eclipse
  1. a all of the lighted side faces the Earth
  2. b regions in outer space made up of billions of stars, gas, and dust clouds; they have different shapes - elliptical, spiral, irregular
  3. c an optical instrument that separates the light given off by an object into bands of different colors; can be used to identify elements in a star
  4. d a mass of frozen gases and rock particles that orbits the Sun
  5. e when Earth is directly between the Sun and the Moon, blocking the Sun's light so that Earth's shadow is cast over the Moon

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the slightly oval shape of Earth's orbit around the Sun
  2. either of two days during the year when the tilt of Earth causes the length of day to be the longest or the shortest
  3. the amount of matter in an object; is the same no matter where the object is located
  4. a piece of rock, smaller than a planet, that orbits the Sun; many are found orbiting in a region between Mars and Jupiter
  5. the lighted side of the Moon gradually decreases

5 True/False questions

  1. Waxing phasesthe lighted side of the Moon gradually decreases

          

  2. Light yeara unit of distance that astronomers use to measure distance to stars and galaxies in space; equal to the distance light travels in one year

          

  3. Weightdaily changes in the level of the surface levels of Earth's oceans due to the gravitational pull of the Moon and the Sun

          

  4. Photospheremost prominent layer of the Sun's atmosphere; emits the light we see; is blocked during a total eclipse

          

  5. Neap tidestides that are not as high or low as usual caused by the Sun and Moon being at right angles to the Earth; occur when the pull of the Sun and Moon act against each other