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Who painted The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak, which represented the American wilderness as a primitive paradise, populated by "noble savages," a place of promise for those who saw it as the fulfillment of the "manifest destiny" concept of that historical period.
d. Albert Bierstadt
3. Who created the series of woodblock prints known as Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji, including the best-known print known as The Great Wave?
b. Katshushika Hokusai
4. The 19th century ideology which was used to justify Western imperialism in Asia and Africa was termed
a. social Darwinism
6. Who depended on a pointillist style to paint A Sunday on La Grand Jatte, which depicts a crowd of Parisians enjoying an island in the Seine River?
d. Georges Seurat
7. Which of the following artists utilized a technique know as impasto to create Night Café?
c. Vincent van Gogh
8. The term used to describe the revolutionary approach to color in the paintings of van Gogh and Gauguin is
b. arbitrary color
11. Which Post-Impressionist artist explored the use of structural color and multiple perspective in repeated pictures of a famous mountain overlooking his studio in southern France.
12. Who painted Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, which became notorious "as an assault on the idea of painting as it had always been understood"?
d. Pablo Picasso
13. "Cubism was born out of collaboration." With whom did Pablo Picasso develop Cubism?
b. Georges Braque
14. Fragmentation and decomposition of form; ambiguous space; primitivism; geometric abstraction of form are all characteristics of what artistic movement?
15. One of the greatest non-Western influences on art of the early 20th century was
d. African and Oceanic art
16. Who painted Houses at l'Estaque, which includes "spatial ambiguity and cube-like shapes"?
c. Georges Braque
17. Which of the following paintings is considered "something of a rebuttal" to Pablo Picasso's Demoiselles d'Avignon?
a. Dance II
19. Who created Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, considered one of the great masterpieces of Futurist art?
b. Umberto Boccioni
21. Which of the following musicians is most closely associated with Sprechstimme?
a. Arnold Schoenberg
22. Who wrote "Dulce et Decorum Est" and was killed in combat just a week before the armistice was signed in 1918?
d. Wilfred Owen
25. Found objects and materials were utilized to make "anti-art" statements in the iconoclastic art movement known as
26. Who of the following figures led the Bolsheviks, the most radical of Russian post-revolutionary groups?
c. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
27. Which of the following is most closely associated with The Battleship Potemkin, a film about a 1905 mutiny aboard a Russian naval vessel?
b. Sergei Eisenstein
28. The physician whose studies of the human unconscious resulted in the field of psychoanalysis and whose ideas have influenced the interpretation of art,
literature, and human behavior was
d. Sigmund Freud
29. With which of the following are the "collective unconscious" and "archetypes" most closely associated?
a. Carl Jung
30. With which of the following are the "id," the "ego," and the "superego" most closely associated?
b. Sigmund Freud
31. Nightmarish images which include insects, crutches, distorted human figures, and melting objects in an infinite landscape painted with great precision are characteristic of
b. Salvador Dalí
33. James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and Marcel Proust were all writers identified with which literary style?
c. stream of consciousness
34. Which of the following led the forces that defeated the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War that continued from 1936 to 1939, and then ruled Spain in a totalitarian manner until 1975?
b. General Francisco Franco
35. The chapter's "Continuity and Change" section chronicles the Bauhaus influence in the United States. Which of the following designed the Seagram Building and other glass-walled skyscrapers in New York?
d. Mies van der Rohe
36. The painting GUERNICA which made a political statement to the world about
man's inhumanity to man was the work of
d. Pablo Picasso
38. The French philosopher who was the most prominent spokesman for atheistic existentialism and who authored existentialist literary works such as No Exit was
39. Both Christian and atheistic existentialists agree that in order to give meaning to life and to achieve authenticity, that one must choose to
b. exercise responsible choice and act upon it
40. The writer who has produced memoirs and novels about the Holocaust and who stated "To remain silent and indifferent is the greatest sin of all" is
c. Elie Weisel
41. Which of the following artists is most closely associated with flower paintings that featured large-scale close-ups of petals, stamens, and pistils?
d. Georgia O'Keeffe
42. Whose style of creating art was altered significantly by the death of her son early in World War I, after which she preferred to work with the woodblock and lithograph?
a. Kâthe Kollwitz
44. Who captured the portrait of Florence Owens Thompson and three of her children in a photograph entitled Migrant Mother?
d. Dorothea Lange
45. Among the following, who is most closely associated with Robie House and Fallingwater?
a. Frank Lloyd Wright
46. Which action painter created Number 27, seen by some as an attempt to "reveal, on canvas, the deepest areas of the unconscious"?
d. Jackson Pollock
47. Who painted Excavation, which allows various anatomical parts to float free of the body?
c. Willem de Kooning
48. Among the following, who is most closely associated with large-scale paintings that feature "monochromatic bands of hazy, semi-transparent color," as seen in Green on Blue?
b. Mark Rothko
49. Among the following, who is most closely associated with a method that involved diluting paint "almost to the consistency of watercolor and then pouring it onto unprimed cotton canvas to achieve giant stains of color that suggest landscape," as seen in The Bay?
b. Helen Frankenthaler
50. Among the following, who is most closely associated with mobiles, including Black, White, and Ten Red?
c. Alexander Calder
51. The innovative artist whose use of diverse materials such as a bed quilt, paint, toothpaste, and nail polish, combine in such a way as to suggest the element of chance in artmaking is
52. Which architect is associated with organic architecture and with the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York?
d. Frank Lloyd Wright
53. Which of the following artists is most closely associated with a series of paintings of Campbell's Soup cans?
b. Andy Warhol
54. Which of the following artists is most closely associated with Ben Day dots, which he used to create enlarged comic strips?
b. Roy Lichtenstein
55. The artist whose large scale painting employing references to billboard advertising images and military technology make an anti-war statement and a criticism of the American military complex is
56. In celebration of the Great Migration of 1915—1918, when hundreds of thousands of Southern blacks moved north, who created a series of sixty paintings related to the Great Migration?
57. Who wrote "Jazz Band in a Parisian Cabaret," one of many poems collected in Weary Blues and published in 1926?
d. Langston Hughes
58. Among the following, who was a trumpeter that formed two studio bands, The Hot Five and The Hot Seven, and recorded Hotter Than That, which features "scat"?
b. Louis Armstrong
59. Among the following, who enjoyed a five-year engagement at Harlem's Cotton Club and performed It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing) to introduce the term "swing" to jazz culture?
d. Duke Ellington
60. During the 1960s, which of the following U.S. cities was considered the center of the civil rights movement?
b. Birmingham, Alabama
62. Which feminist poet wrote "Her Kind," one of the poems in her first book of poetry To Bedlam and Part Way Back which examined establishing an identity outside of the traditional role of woman as defined by patriarchal culture?
b. Anne Sexton
63. Who is most closely associated with The Dinner Party, which consists of a "triangle-shaped table, set with 39 places, 13 on a side, each celebrating a woman who has made an important contribution to world history"?
c. Judy Chicago
64. The anonymous group of female artists who continue to engage in public activism on behalf of feminist issues are known as
66. Who included a series of miniature abstract paintings within the squares of a grid overlaying a photograph to create Stanley?
d. Chuck Close
67. The female super-realist who projects her vanitas still-lifes directly onto the canvas and then airbrushes with vivid pure pigments is
68. Which artist created the Vietnam Veterans' Memorial in Washington D.C. while still a college student?
70. Who is the author of "Child of the Americas", created by a North American of Hispanic descent, which reflects on the distinctive cultural mix in the United States,?
b. Aurora Levins Morales
72. Which pair of artists works in the conceptual/earth art movement, orchestrating very large-scale temporary artworks such as Canyon Curtain and The Umbrellas requiring hundreds of volunteers?
c. Christo and Jean-Claude
73. Identify the installation artist who uses a group of volunteers to assemble and arrange large quantities of identical objects and whose work refers to memory, the cycle of life, the environment, and labor intensive work.
74. Who designed a fountain using 21st C. technology in the form of two glass towers which project ever-changing images of random Chicagoans from whose mouths water flows onto a large expanse of polished black stone?
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